The Securitization of Migration: A Study of Movement and Order (Security and Governance)
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The international movement of people is provoking worldwide anxiety and apprehension. Nation-states around the globe, especially Western ones, are cracking down on migration for security reasons. International migration has become a key security issue and is perceived, by some, as an existential security threat.
The Securitization of Migration is about the movement of people and the system of order underpinning the movement. In undertaking a comparative study of Canada and France, the study analyzes the process of securitizing migration. It explores the process of discursively and institutionally integrating international migration into security frameworks that emphasize policing and defence. Drawing upon social theory, migration studies, and Securitization Theory, Philippe Bourbeau seeks to understand the concepts of power underlying security frameworks and how these affect the treatment of migrants and immigrants. This book is one of the first to systematically and comparatively examine the role of political agents, media agents, and contextual factors in the process of securitizing migration.
The book will be of interest to students and scholars concerned with comparative and theoretical approaches to security and migration studies.
systematically and comparatively examine the role of political agents, media agents, and contextual factors in the process of securitizing migration. The book will be of interest to students and scholars concerned with comparative and theoretical approaches to security and migration studies. Philippe Bourbeau is a SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Centre for International Policy Studies at the University of Ottawa, Canada. Security and Governance Series Edited by Fiona B. Adamson, School of
in order to have a significant impact in the securitization process. Yet this social power and recognition does not only come from the realm of security. Furthermore, evidence amassed in my study shows that agents who were not security professionals or particularly specialized in security-related issues have had significant roles in the process of securitizing migration. In addition, my study demonstrates that the rationale for the securitization of migration has often been that migration was a
sense of security.” In sum, it would be a “panicked reaction” to change hastily “an essential characteristic of Canadian society” (The Globe and Mail 2001b). A first element of rupture appears three days later, on September 22, 2001. The editorial, while applauding the Canadian government’s effort to tighten border security and “clamp down on loopholes in our immigration policy so that we don’t play an unwitting role in a future disaster,” criticizes Canadian authorities for not going far enough
analysis of rupture and continuity in how the movement of people is seen by the political party. 4â•‡ What this means is that most Indo-Chinese refugees would not have been allowed into Canada in the late 1970s and early 1980s. They did not in fact fit the definition of the 1951 UN Convention and had to enter Canada under the “designated class” provisions of the 1976 Act. 5â•‡ Despite being an individual election (as president), candidates are usually supported by a political party. Indeed, the
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