Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy (Routledge Philosophy Companions)
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The Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy is a collection of new essays on the philosophy and philosophers of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. Written by a cast of international scholars, it covers the full range of ancient philosophy from the sixth century BC to the sixth century AD and beyond. There are dedicated discussions of the major areas of the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle together with accounts of their predecessors and successors.
The contributors also address various problems of interpretation and method, highlighting the particular demands and interest of working with ancient philosophical texts. All original texts discussed are translated into English.
in isolation from their contribution to the agent himself. Promoting the good nature of the other in a life structured by shared thought and discussion also benefits the agent himself; he comes to see the value of his own life more clearly, as he explores and promotes the good nature of a like-minded friend (253a). But the self-interest in question is highly specific. The good person is for Plato the supremely rational person. And for the rational person to act for the sake of his own interests
sought of old and is sought at present and always, and what is always a matter of difficulty, namely what is being? (ti to on) is this: what is substance? (tis hē ousia). (Metaph. Ζ.1, 1028b2–4) Here, in the space of one sentence, Aristotle seems to refashion his general science of being qua being into a science of substance. This is why, in brief, we are confronted with our Extension Problem. We can begin to make some preliminary progress with regard to this problem if we focus minutely on
for now the reasons that led the Epicureans to take this position and the arguments that they thought supported its truth; let us also leave aside the Epicureans’ contentious claim that the highest pleasure possible is simply the absence of pain (for discussion see Brunschwig 1986, Striker 1993, Sedley 1998, Erler and Schofield 1999, Woolf 2009). For now, let us notice only that if there is some final or sovereign good then it is intended to be identified as the state which best befits us. In
the Alexandrians (for his treatments of On Interpretation, for instance, see Zimmermann 1981). As already mentioned, the Baghdad school produced a commented version of the Physics which included their own remarks on the text and passages from the commentary of Philoponus. Engagement with the Greek commentators is as important as ever in the work of the school’s final representative, Abū l-Faraj Ibn al-Ṭayyib (d.1043), who wrote voluminous commentaries on both the Isagōgē (Gyekye 1975, 1979) and
Plotinus (2006) and Image, Word and God in the Early Christian Centuries (2012). Andrea Falcon is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Concordia University, Montreal. He is the author of Corpi e Movimenti. La fortuna del De caelo nel mondo antico (2001), Aristotle and the Science of Nature. Unity without Uniformity (2005), and Xenarchus of Seleucia and Aristotelianism in the First Century BCE (2011). Daniel W. Graham is Professor of Philosophy at Brigham Young University. He is the author of