The Psychology Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)
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The Psychology Book clearly and simply explains more than one hundred groundbreaking ideas of the great scientists and thinkers who contributed to the development of psychological thought.
Using easy-to-follow graphics and artworks, succinct quotations, and thoroughly accessible text, The Psychology Book makes abstract concepts concrete.
The Psychology Book includes innovative ideas from ancient and medieval thinkers ranging from Galen and René Descartes to the leaders of psychotherapy, such as Sigmund Freud and Abraham Maslow. The voices that continue to shape modern psychology, from Nico Fridja to David Rosenhan, are also included, giving anyone with an interest in psychology an essential resource to psychological thinking and history.
comparative levels of intelligence. First suggested by William Stern, it is calculated by dividing an individual’s mental age by their chronological age, and then multiplying by 100. Introspection The oldest psychological method; it consists of self-observation: “looking (spection) within (intro)” one’s own mind to examine and report on one’s own inner state. Introversion A personality type that focuses energy primarily toward its own internal thoughts and feelings (see also extraversion).
Frankl explains that humans have two psychological strengths that allow us to bear painful and possibly devastating situations and to move forward; these are the capacity for decision, and freedom of attitude. Frankl stresses that we are not at the mercy of our environment or events, because we dictate how we allow them to shape us. Even suffering can be seen differently, depending on our interpretation of events. Frankl cites the case of one of his patients who suffered because he missed his
George Berkeley claims that the body is merely the perception of the mind. 1904 In Does Consciousness Exist? William James asserts that consciousness is not a separate entity but a function of particular experiences. The idea that the mind and body are separate and different dates back to Plato and the ancient Greeks, but it was the 17th-century philosopher René Descartes who first described in detail the mind-body relationship. Descartes wrote De Homine (“Man”), his first philosophical book,
clinical psychology at Adelphi University, New York. After a brief spell working for the US Army, he moved to the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), where he began his research into nonverbal behavior and facial expressions. This work led to his studies of the concealment of emotions in facial expressions, which in turn took Ekman deep into the then-unexplored field of the psychology of emotions. He was appointed Professor of Psychology at UCSF in 1972, and remained there until his
relationships are, like food and thermoregulation, universally important to human mood." Martin Seligman “Happy” lives Seligman noticed that extremely happy, fulfilled people tend to get on with others, and enjoy company. They seemed to lead what he called “the pleasant life,” one of the three distinct types of “happy” life that he identified, the others being “the good life” and “the meaningful life.” The pleasant life, or seeking as much pleasure as possible, appeared to bring happiness,