The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
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A study of human behavior in social situations and the way we appear to others. Dr. Goffman has employed as a framework the metaphor of theatrical performance. Discussions of social techniques are based upon detailed research and observation of social customs in many regions.
burial business userl .f,rollghout tnlS report is taken from a forthcoming dissertatlon On the funeral directot by Robert Habenstein. I have also drawn on Mr Habensrein's seminar report describing the llndertaker's work as the staging of a performance. 2 John 1Iilton, "Calculated Spontaniety," Oxford Book of English Talk (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1953), pp. 399-404. 21 we caQ consider an interesting fact about the round of different routines which any group or class of individuals helps to
something for a scene of wider scope. It is in this light that we can understand how the sifting and sorting or urban life brings girls with good grooming and correct accent into the job of receptionist, . where they can present a front for an organization as well as for themselves. But most important of all, we commonly find that the defini tion of the situation projected by a particular participant is an integra! part of a projection that is fostered and sustaind by the intimate co-operation
slight, be team-mates with respect to another show. Thus in a concrete situation we may expect a predominance of one style or the other, with some feelings of guilt or doubt concerning the actual combination or balance that is achieved between the two styles. I would like to emphasize the fact that activity in a concrete situation is always a compromise between the formal and informal styles by reference to backstage and backstage activity. Three common limitations on backstage informality may be
Canadian priests do not want to lead so strict a life that they cannot go swimming at the beach with friends, but they tend to feel that it is best to swim with persons who are not their parishioners, since the familiarity required at the beach is incompatible with the distance and respect required in the parish. Front region control is one measure of audience segregation. Incapacity to maintain this control leaves the performer in a position of not knowing what character he will have to project
other is beginning to act out of line. The kick under the table and the narrowed eyes have become humorous examples. A piano accompanist suggests a way by which deviating concert singers can be brought back into tune: He (the accompanist) does this by getting more sharpness into his tone, so that his tone will penetrate to the singet's ears, over or tather through his voice. Pethaps one of the notes in the pianoforte harmony is the vety note that the singer should be singing, and so he makes this