The Political Economy of New Slavery (International Political Economy Series)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This unique volume combines chapters containing a multidisciplinary academic analysis of the causes of the continued existence of contemporary forms of slavery, such as globalization, poverty and migration with empirical chapters on trafficking, domestic migrant workers, bonded labour and child labour in Asia, Latin America and Africa. It provides relevant policy recommendations, such as respect for victims' rights and assesses longer term strategies for change, including Fair Trade, reparations for slavery in the past, the Tobin tax and Development ethics.
forms of slavery, without at the same time providing protection and measures to rehabilitate or reintegrate victims, almost automatically fail. For the past five years, we have been disappointed by the failure of the measures adopted by the European Union to combat trafficking to actually help the women, children and men whom the measures are apparently designed David Ould 71 to help. We think that adopting a framework decision to standardize the definition of an offence and to standardize
these entailed and either joked or considered seriously these publications as genuine offers for marriage, she was faced with a difficult choice, either to warn her interlocutors as to the purpose of the exercise, or not to. Where does the balance of ethics lie in such a case? Are the locals aware and do they not make their positions known, for concern over their own reputations as brothers or fathers of effectively enslaved women? Are they genuinely unaware of slavery? Some leaving to get
export industries of Saipan; Nepalese children working as domestic servants in India; women migrant domestic workers from poor countries, such as the Philippines and Sri Lanka, working in the Middle East and Europe; children taken from West African countries to work in other countries of the region; young men from the north-east of Brazil taken to work in Amazonia; Chinese and Vietnamese illegal migrant workers in US sweatshops and other countries; children forced to go begging, either in their
are entitled to the minimum wage, but may not receive as much. This results in continued indebtedness to the employers, and bondage. Krishna Upadhyaya 131 In Pakistan brick kilns are the chief primary source industry where bonded labour is widespread. The practice is particularly marked in Punjab and North-west Frontier provinces. The workers generally are illiterate and landless people who are attracted to the prospect of an alternative livelihood instead of agriculture, and who are attracted
producer groups. This support for free trade is in conflict with these same groups’ rejection of free trade on the grounds that trade liberalization leaves farmers exposed to powerful multinational companies and to the volatility of world market prices (as discussed in Chapter 12 in this volume). Similar tensions emerge when assessing child rights in this context. The quest to promote education and freedom from child labour focuses on the removal of children from cocoa farms and on school