The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order
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Outlines the contours of a New World Order which feeds on human poverty and the destruction of the environment, generates social apartheid, encourages racism and ethnic strife and undermines the rights of women. This book reviews the causes and consequences of famine in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the dramatic meltdown of financial markets.
erupted, health clinics and schools have been closed down and hundreds of millions of children have been denied the right to primary education. In several regions of the developing world, the reforms have been conducive to a resurgence of infectious diseases including tuberculosis, malaria and cholera. While the World Bank's mandate consists of "combating poverty" and protecting the environment, its support for large-scale hydroelectric and agro-industrial projects has also speeded up the process
increasingly denies individual developing countries the possibility of building a national economy: the internationalization of macro-economic policy transforms countries into open economic territories and national economies into "reserves" of cheap labor and natural resources. The application of the IMF's "economic med- 10 THE GLOBALIZATION OF POVERTY 21 icine" tends to further depress world commodity prices because it forces individual countries to simultaneously gear their national
failure to adjust [rather than] a failure of adjustment (. . .). More Adjustment - Not Less - Would Help the Poor and the Environment. (. . .) Adjustment is the necessary first step on the road to sustainable poverty reduction.8 Whereas the economic policy package is, in principle, intended to promote efficiency and a more rational allocation of productive resources POLICING COUNTRIES THROUGH LOAN "CONDITIONALITIES" 61 based on the market mechanism, this objective is brought about through
earlier writings on the Chilean military Junta, I looked upon the so-called "free market" as a wellorganized instrument of "economic repression". xxi THE GLOBAUZATION OF POVERTY Two years later in 1976, I returned to Latin America as a visiting professor at the National University of Cordoba in the northern industrial heartland of Argentina. My stay coincided with another military coup d'etat. Tens of thousands of people were arrested and the Desaparecidos were assassinated. The military
Yoweri Musaveni, had become Washington's African showpiece of "democracy". Uganda had also become a launchpad for US-sponsored guerilla movements into the Sudan, Rwanda and the Congo. Major General Paul Kagame had been head of military intelligence in the Ugandan Armed Forces; he had been trained at the US Army Command and Staff College (CGSC) in Leavenworth, Kansas which focuses on warfighting and military strategy. Kagame returned from Leavenworth to lead the RPA, shortly after the 1990