The Evolution of International Security Studies
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International Security Studies (ISS) has changed and diversified in many ways since 1945. This book provides the first intellectual history of the development of the subject in that period. It explains how ISS evolved from an initial concern with the strategic consequences of superpower rivalry and nuclear weapons, to its current diversity in which environmental, economic, human and other securities sit alongside military security, and in which approaches ranging from traditional Realist analysis to Feminism and Post-colonialism are in play. It sets out the driving forces that shaped debates in ISS, shows what makes ISS a single conversation across its diversity, and gives an authoritative account of debates on all the main topics within ISS. This is an unparalleled survey of the literature and institutions of ISS that will be an invaluable guide for all students and scholars of ISS, whether traditionalist, 'new agenda' or critical.
led the technological imperative 81 the way in promoting a nuclear non-proliferation regime which tried to promote the spread of civil nuclear technology while blocking the acquisition of military nuclear capabilities by other states. Although mainly subordinate to the agenda driven by expanding and evolving superpower nuclear arsenals, horizontal nuclear (non-)proliferation became a large and elaborate subject in its own right within the Cold War ISS literature, which we will look at in
morally clear prescription of getting rid of them. This simplicity and clarity was the key to both its popularity among peace movements and its lack of popularity amongst strategists and IR Realists, who thought its apparent simplicity wrong and dangerous. Arms Control tried to establish a halfway house between these two extremes. It did not problematise weapons as such, but stood for a managerial approach to military technology and the arms dynamic that would aim to maximise their security
literature on nuclear proliferation, already large during the Cold War, became more prominent, and there were similar continuities on other technology-driven topics. The chapter ends by looking to the consequences that the ending of the Cold War had on the institutionalisation of traditional, military approaches. The loss of a meta-event: surviving the Soviet Union The specific characteristics of the Cold War – bipolarity, nuclear weaponry and deterrence in the context of an oscillation between
confrontation and d´etente – played an integral role in how security was conceptualised and institutionalised within ISS. With the Cold War now history, the traditional core of ISS faced the simple and potentially devastating question of how to survive in the face of the peaceful, voluntary dismantling of the bipolar order. How could traditional ISS explain the ending of the Cold War, and would there be a role for Strategic Studies, and indeed the military side of Peace Research, to play in the
region of intense interest regarding proliferation was the Middle East, where Israel was a long-standing nuclear weapon state and subject of interest (Sayed, 1993; Inbar and Sandler, 1993/4; Keeley, 1993/4; Cochran, 1996; Cohen, 1998). During the 1990s, Iraq (Kelly, 1996) and increasingly Iran (Chubin, 1995; Eisenstadt, 1999) were widely suspected of aspiring to that status. In this region, as elsewhere, concern about nuclear proliferation was accompanied by that about the proliferation of