The Early Upanishads: Annotated Text and Translation (South Asia Research)
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This is the full edition of the early Upanisads, the central scriptures of Hinduism. Featuring Patrick Olivelle's acclaimed new English translation (Oxford, 1996), it also includes the complete Sanskrit text, as well as variant readings, scholarly emendations, and explanations of Olivelle's choices of particular readings. The volume also contains a concordance of the two recensions of the Brhadaranyaka Upanisad, and an extensive bibliography.
composed even further east in the region of Videha. In the case of the two oldest Upanisads, the BU and the CU, localization is complicated by the fact that they are compilations of preexisting documents. On the whole, however, the center of activity in the BU is the area of Videha, whose king, Janaka, plays a central role, together with Yajnavalkya, who appears almost as the personal theologian of the king. During the late vedic period the heartland of Brahmanism was the central region of
himself. When he had become worn out by toil and hot with exertion, his splendor—his vigor—departed from him. Now, splendor—vigor—consists of the vital breaths. So, when his vital breaths had departed, his corpse began to bloat. His mind, however, still remained within his corpse. 7 Then he had this desire: "I wish that this corpse of mine would become fit to be sacrificed so I could get myself a living body (atman)!" Then that corpse became a horse. "Because it bloated (asvat), it became fit to
love for the children; rather, it is out of love for oneself that one holds children dear. One holds wealth dear not out of love for wealth; rather, it is out of love for oneself that one holds wealth dear. One holds the priestly power dear not out of love for the priestly power; rather, it is out of love for oneself that one holds the priestly power dear. One holds the royal power dear not out of love for the royal power; rather, it is out of love for oneself that one holds the royal power dear.
desire, acts in accordance with his resolve, and turns out to be in accordance with his action. 6On this point there is the following verse: A man who's attached goes with his action, to that very place to which his mind and character cling. Reaching the end of his action, of whatever he has done in this world— From that world he returns back to this world, back to action. "That is the course of a man who desires. "Now, a man who does not desire—who is without desires, who is freed from desires,
flame is the flame; the embers are the embers; and the sparks are the sparks. In that very fire gods offer man, and from that offering springs a man of brilliant color. 15 "The people who know this, and the people there in the wilderness who venerate truth as faith—they pass into the flame, from the flame into the day, from the day into the fortnight of the waxing moon, from the fortnight of the waxing moon into the six months when the sun moves north, from these months into the world of the