The Decalogue in Jewish and Christian Tradition (The Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies)
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This collection of papers arrives from the eighth annual symposium between the Chaim Rosenberg School of Jewish Studies of Tel Aviv University and the Faculty of Protestant Theology of the University of Ruhr, Bochum held in Bochum, June 2007. The general theme of the Decalogue was examined in its various uses by both Jewish and Christian traditions throughout the centuries to the present.
Three papers deal with the origin of the Decalogue: Yair Hoffman on the rare mentioning of the Decalogue in the Hebrew Bible outside the Torah; E. L. Greenstein considers that already A. ibn Ezra doubted that God himself spoke in the Ten Commandments and states that more likely their rhetoric indicates it was Moses who proclaimed the Decalogue; A. Bar-Tour speaks about the cognitive aspects of the Decalogue revelation story and its frame.
The second part considers the later use of the Decalogue: G. Nebe describes its use with Paul; P. Wick discusses the symbolic radicalization of two commandments in James and the Sermon on the Mount; A. Oppenheimer explains the removal of the Decalogue from the daily Shem'a prayer as a measure against the minim's claim of a higher religious importance of the Decalogue compared to the Torah; W. Geerlings examines Augustine's quotations of the Decalogue; H. Reventlow depicts its central place in Luther's catechisms; Y. Yacobson discusses its role with Hasidism.
The symposium closes with papers on systematic themes: C. Frey follows a possible way to legal universalism; G. Thomas describes the Decalogue as an "Ethics of Risk"; F. H. Beyer/M. Waltemathe seek an educational perspective.
have concluded that this reveals an ancient hidden controversy39 about the content of the Sinai covenant—whether it mainly included cultic laws. But there is always a serious methodological problem with the claim of “hidden polemics,” and I do not think that in our case such a claim is justi¿ed. I therefore tend to agree with Noth that “we can hardly speak of a mutual literary dependence of these pieces one upon another (apart from secondary individual additions).”40 The conclusion to be drawn in
correspondence with the sequence of Decalogue allusions in Rom 2:21f. As is the case with Rom 7, the “thou shall not covet” is quoted without the objects of the Decalogue passage. The free order and the lack of the objects may be rooted in Hellenistic Jewish traditions,92 and maybe in a narrower sense to Hellenistic Jewish Christianity.93 For all that, the fact that in Paul the explicit Decalogue objects are left out opens up a broader parenetical scope in ancient Christianity.94 Here in Rom 13
the Decalogue operating on a meta-level for the Law. Paul makes use of “Thou shalt not covet,” which, for Paul, functions as “dynamite,” blasting at the signi¿cance and function of the Law from within. At the same time, we ¿nd the Decalogue used in parenesis. Here the Decalogue is given a new setting which helps to give directives for Christian life. 111. Thus G. Strecker, “Befreiung und Rechtfertigung. Zur Stellung der Rechtfertigungslehre in der Theologie des Paulus” (1976), in Eschaton und
decision to address the lay community marks a very important decision. Though Luther in his Foreword addresses the Lutheran clergy, he entrusts the housefather with the task of imparting ethical knowledge, a knowledge that was founded on the will of God. This altered the structure of the Protestant Church in a crucial way, and represents a move away from the outlook of the Middle Ages, during which the clergy was paramount. While, for Luther, the preachers retained their important role—preaching
This DVD contains ten short ¿lms—each portraying one of the Ten Commandments—and two short computer games. The reason for publishing this DVD is given as the perceived fact that the “whole of our Occidental culture has been determined by the Christian commandments”—which is boldly stated on the back of the DVD’s cover. This statement is not validated at all in the short blurb on the DVD cover itself. Are there reasons for such an idea? And what could such “Christian commandments” be? Is there a