The City as a Terminal (Transport and Mobility)
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The on-time delivery of goods is regarded as a primary factor of the urban economy and is being monitored by businesses and government alike. However, much analysis of freight transportation and the flow of goods into, out of and within urban areas focuses on functional, business-related approaches.This book examines the interrelationship between logistics development on one hand and urban development and geographical issues, such as land use and location, on the other. Avoiding certain one-dimensional views on 'logistics impacts on the city', it discloses the complex interaction of the logistics system with the entire urban environment. It also bridges the gap between recent geographical research into new production systems and (post)modern consumption patterns.Illustrated with case studies from the United States, Germany, France, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom, it examines issues such as: the historical nexus between urban areas and logistics; current urban developments with regards to goods distribution; city-region related characteristics of freight flows; locational dynamics; and specific freight related urban problems and conflicts.In doing so, it argues that modern logistics are fundamentally shaping the function and the character of urban places, particularly since logistics networks are increasingly being established distant and independent from cities. These changes affect both the traditional role of the city as a centre of goods merchandising, which is becoming redesigned under the flag of globalized distribution regimes, as well as the urban structure, being shaped by rising preferences made by distributions firms for suburban and ex-urban locations. It concludes that, in future, electronic commerce and supply chains may lead to further changes that are likely to happen but hard to predict, at least in their physical impact.
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conceptualized as the “Stadtregion” (cf. Boustedt 1975). To some extent, these urban regions have replaced the traditional dichotomy of core city and suburbs in Germany as well. Their spatial structure is characterized by tendencies of sub-centralization and by further dispersion. The related changes have been analysed in general, e.g. In the case of the urban regions of Hamburg, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Munich. In such regions, economic growth, social differentiation and spatial structure have
suburbs contribute to the emergence of the poly-centric region: Suburban growth as a whole has been a mixture of industry and homes, the city sprawling ever outward from its initial point of establishment and repeatedly spilling over political, social and perceived boundaries. The result has been extensive, multinodal metropolitan regions. (Walker and Lewis 2001, 3) The poly-centric region is usually larger than the old city had been; it is much more complex and diverse. It is much more
The City as a Terminal The Urban Context of Logistics and Freight Transport MARKUS HESSE University of Luxembourg ASHGATE © Markus Hesse 2008 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher. Markus Hesse has asserted his moral right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act,
enable them; this also applies to the poor degree of horizontal relationships among the firms. Also, most of the logistics and freight distribution networks are locationally grounded according to the existing settlement structure, rather than creating completely new or advanced spaces. viii. New technologies such as EDI, RFID, computer-based warehousing management systems and increasingly mobile tools are being used in corporate practice. In contrast, the significance of electronic commerce for