The Cambridge Companion to Marx (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Marx was a highly original and polymathic thinker, unhampered by disciplinary boundaries, whose intellectual influence has been enormous. Yet in the wake of the collapse of Marxism-Leninism in Eastern Europe the question arises as to how important his work really is for us now. An important dimension of this volume is to place Marx's writings in their historical context and to separate what he actually said from what others (in particular, Engels) interpreted him as saying. Informed by current debates and new perspectives, the volume provides a comprehensive coverage of all the major areas to which Marx made significant contributions.
some of the conditions in which this same myth could take root and flourish and in which there could be an "E" in the MEGA. Engels's theoretical influence on the reception of Marx was both Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 38 THE CAMBRIDGE COMPANION TO MARX continuous and considerable. To a (by now) surprising extent, Engels's Anti-Duhring became a kind of sacred text. At the time of writing this book was apiece de circonstance - and a rather elephantine one -
counts as relevantly necessary is determined not just by requirements for physical survival but also by a socially established standard of neediness, "not mere physical life, but. . . the satisfaction of certain wants springing from the social conditions in which people are placed and reared up" (Marx and Engels, 20/1985: 145). Third, the value of labor power is value of Marx's standard kind, the time that would be expended by workers using typical techniques with typical intensity, to produce
Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 Social and political theory 91 no crisis of overproduction would result if firms always quickly responded to the first difficulties in selling by reducing prices to cut back inventories. But competition for market shares combines with the eternal absence of perfect foresight to make other conduct rational, conduct that eventually precipitates a crisis. A firm that cuts prices at the first signs of trouble would often turn out to have done
Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 I56 THE CAMBRIDGE COMPANION TO MARX only if we agree that Marx did not view capitalism as unjust and yet believe that Marx condemned capitalism morally will we find plausible Buchanan's view that alienation supplies the ground for such moral condemnation. For this reason, rather than being an argument against the notion that Marx held capitalism to be unjust, Buchanan's view presupposes that argument. There are other reasons to question the
This was typified by Ricardo's efforts to undo English Corn Laws which raised the cost of subsistence to workers and employees. The tariff on imported wheat thus was raised in 1815 to protect home producers from falling market prices. Ricardo argued that manufacturers would have to pay increased wages and that only country landlords would benefit. This antipolitical economy attempted to drive government out of the market; its politics was phrased in a nonpolitical, theoretical idiom. Yet so, in