The Brontës (Authors in Context) (Oxford World's Classics)
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The extraordinary creativity of the Brontë sisters, who between them wrote some of the most enduring fiction in the English language, continues to fascinate and intrigue modern readers. The tragedy of their early deaths adds poignancy to their novels, and in the popular imagination they have become mythic figures. And yet, as Patricia Ingham shows, they were fully engaged with the world around them, and their writing, from the juvenilia to Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights, reflects the preoccupations of the age in which they lived. Their novels, which so shocked their contemporaries, address the burning issues of the day: class, gender, race, religion, and mental disorders. As well as examining these connections, Ingham also shows how film and other media have reinterpreted the novels for the twenty-first century.
The Bront"s is a lively, accessible, and critically topical exploration of the novels of the three sisters, and includes a chronology of the Brontës, websites, illustrations, a comprehensive index, and suggestions for further reading.
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a student at the Royal Academy or to set up as a portrait painter, he had taken a post as a tutor with the Postlethwaites at Broughton in Furness. From this post he was dismissed, possibly because of drunkenness or sexual misconduct. Things took a turn for the better in the same year when he was appointed as a railway clerk at Sowerby Bridge in Yorkshire and then in promoted at a salary of £ a year to chief clerk at Luddenden Foot. But in March , though not accused personally of
included not only their father, Patrick, and mother, Maria, but two older sisters: Maria (born ) and Elizabeth (born ). Charlotte had been born in , Branwell in , Emily in , and Anne in . For Patrick and Maria had six children, not four, when they moved to the Yorkshire village of Haworth in to take up Patrick’s living as ‘perpetual curate’. This was the setting for their somewhat theatrical lives, despite its apparently unexciting nature. The cobbled main street of
evil even from Macbeth, Hamlet, and Julius Caesar (Letters, i. ). In brief she has one standard for her friend and another for herself, indicating the distinction she makes between public standards and her underlying convictions about works of literature. These convictions are more clearly seen in the views she expresses in her letters to literary correspondents such as W. S. Williams and G. H. Lewes on other authors and on her own work. She admires several contemporary writers including
she has shown that stirring mutiny is her special talent and she has rebelled successively against Mrs Reed and the authorities at Lowood as now against Rochester. Signiﬁcantly she will ‘preach liberty to them that are enslaved’ until ‘three-tailed bashaw’ as he is, he will ﬁnd himself ‘fettered’ instead of them (book , chapter ). The impact of this sultan–concubine scenario is dependent on the contrast it provides between the typical Eastern and Western women as represented here. The former
decision-making and eﬀective action. This made them appropriately dominant, legally and as a matter of usage, while women meantime were sheltered in a safe environment Gender, Nationality, and Race under the guardianship of their more rational and intellectually powerful fathers or husbands. Their position at home then enabled them to channel their quick emotions, their power of nurturing into responding to the needs of those around them. Challenging these accounts could raise a variety