The British Officer: Leading the Army From 1660 to the Present
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An Army officer must lead men into frightening and dangerous situations and sometimes make them do things that they never thought they could do. This book recounts how British officers have led their men, and commanded their respect, from the days of Marlborough to the Second Iraq war of 2003. Anthony Clayton explores who the officers, men and now women, have been and are, where they came from, what ideals or traditions have motivated them, and their own perceptions of themselves. His account tells the fascinating story of how the role of the military officer evolved, illustrated by a selection of captivating images, and the personal memoirs, biographies and autobiographies of officers.
now forms part of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. 4 The Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons, later the Royal Scots Greys, now forms part of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys). 5 The King’s Own Royal Regiment, 4th Foot, now forms part of the King’s Own Royal Border Regiment. 6 Captain Sir George Arthur, The Story of the Household Cavalry (London, Constable, 1909), 32–37; R.J.T. Hills, The Life Guards (London, Leo Cooper, 1971), 5. 7 Lieutenant-General Sir F.W. Hamilton, The
many also being on leave, only sergeants could exercise control. The system of purchase had also an overall effect of keeping the Army as a collection of regiments rather than a uniﬁed force. In practice the system came to operate on a whole-career basis. An ofﬁcer on ﬁrst being commissioned paid the price of that commission to the ofﬁcer whose departure from the regiment had created the vacancy. On promotion he paid the cash value difference between the rank he held and the rank to which he was
again evident. The Army was experiencing for the ﬁrst time what is now called asymmetric warfare, combat with informally organised indigenous guerrillas prepared to use terror tactics such as scalping and mutilation. The answer was seen initially as light infantry corps marksmen to harass the enemy and scouts with, very soon afterwards, the formation of a special regiment.21 This regiment, ofﬁcers and men, was formed from both British and local colonial personnel, and sought to combine the role
of cavalry and four ﬁeld artillery brigades (each of which comprised three batteries of ﬁeld guns and one to three batteries of howitzers), all supported by a garrison artillery heavy battery, two engineer ﬁeld companies and medical units. The cavalry Division was formed initially of three, 151 the brit is h offic er later of ﬁve brigades each including three regiments, together with ﬁve Horse Artillery batteries.5 This force, organised into two Army Corps, was to be available for action ﬁfteen
In 1661 a troop of Horse and a Foot regiment ( later the Royal Dragoons and the Queen’s Royal Regiment respectively) were raised speciﬁcally to garrison Tangier, part of the dowry of Queen Catharine of Braganza.1 Finally in 1661 a Scottish regiment that had been in the service of the King of France, later the Royal Scots, were recalled brieﬂy for internal security duties in England; this unit returned to France and except for a few months in 1666– 67 served abroad on loan until 1678 when it came