The Apostolic Fathers, Volume 1: I Clement. II Clement. Ignatius. Polycarp. Didache (Loeb Classical Library)
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The writings of the Apostolic Fathers give a rich and diverse picture of Christian life and thought in the period immediately after New Testament times. Some of them were accorded almost Scriptural authority in the early Church. This new Loeb edition of these essential texts reflects current idiom and the latest scholarship.
Here are the Letters of Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, among the most famous documents of early Christianity; these letters, addressing core theological questions, were written to a half dozen different congregations while Ignatius was en route to Rome as a prisoner, condemned to die in the wild-beast arena. Also in this collection is a letter to the Philippian church by Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna and friend of Ignatius, as well as an account of Polycarp's martyrdom. There are several kinds of texts in the Apostolic Fathers collection, representing different religious outlooks. The manual called the Didache sets forth precepts for religious instruction, worship, and ministry. The Epistle of Barnabas searches the Old Testament, the Jewish Bible, for testimony in support of Christianity and against Judaism. Probably the most widely read in the early Christian centuries was The Shepherd of Hermas, a book of revelations that develops a doctrine of repentance.
Cobb (now on the faculty at Hofstra University), Carl Cosaert, and Pamela Mullins, for their assistance in my research. Above all I am indebted to my student Diane Wudel, now ix PREFACE teaching at Wake Forest Divinity School, for her diligent and remarkably insightful help on every aspect of the proj ect. I have dedicated these volumes to Dr. Gerald Haw thorne, professor emeritus at Wheaton College, who many years ago taught me Greek and first introduced me to the texts of the Apostolic
world. 5 6 7 4 For so it is written, "It came about that after some days, Cain brought an offering to God from the fruits of the earth; and for his part, Abel brought from the first born of the sheep and their fat. 2. And God looked favorably upon Abel and his gifts but paid no regard to Cain and his offer ings. 3. And Cain was extremely upset and became down cast. 4. And God said to Cain, 'Why have you become so upset and downcast? I f you brought the proper sacrifice but did not exercise
gether, says the Lord. Even if your sins are like crimson, I will make them white as snow; and if they are like scarlet, I will make them white as wool. I f you are willing and obey me, you will eat the good things of the earth; but if you are not willing and do not obey me, a sword will devour you. For the mouth of the Lord has spoken these things." 20 21 22 19 Jonah 3. 20 Cf. Ezek 33:11. 21 Possibly drawn from Ezek 33. 22 T s a l l6-20. : 14 καρδίας A C Cl Clem Al: ψυχής Η L S 49 F
vigorously stressed by later protoorthodox Christians, that the Old Testament and the words and writings of the apostles (eventually, the "New Testa ment") represent the bipartite sacred authority for Chris tian faith and practice. 156 INTRODUCTION Author The identity of this author is almost completely ob scured by the ancient record. Eusebius mentions a belief held by some that Clement of Rome had written the book as a second letter—Eusebius almost certainly means our 2 Clement—but he
Maunde. Facsimile of the Codex Alex andrinus. London: British Museum, 1879-83. Warns, Rudiger. Untersuchungen zum 2. Clemens-Brief. Marburg: Philipps-Universitat, 1985. 163 ΚΛΕΜΕΝΤ02 ΠΡ02 ΚΟΡΙΝΘΙΟΥΣ Β' 1 1 Άδβλφοί, όντως δβί ημάς φρονβϊν πβρϊ Ίησον Χριστον, ώς πβρϊ θβον, ώς πβρϊ κριτον ζώντων καϊ νβκρών καί ον δβι ημάς μικρά φρονβϊν πβρί τής σωτηρίας ημών. 2. βν τω γάρ φρονβϊν ημάς μικρά πβρί αντον μικρά και βλπίζομβν λαββΐν και οί άκονοντβς ώς πβρί μικρών άμαρτάνομβν ονκ βίδότβς, πόθβν