Sharing: Culture and the Economy in the Internet Age
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An in-depth exploration of digital culture and its dissemination, Sharing offers a counterpoint to the dominant view that file sharing is piracy. Instead, Philippe Aigrain looks at the benefits of file sharing, which allows unknown writers and artists to be appreciated more easily. Concentrating not only on the cultural enrichment caused by widely shared digital media, Sharing also discusses new financing models that would allow works to be shared freely by individuals without aim at profit. Aigrain carefully balances the needs to support and reward creative activity with a suitable respect for the cultural common good and proposes a new interpretation of the digital landscape.
debates that surround the issue of file sharing, and presents the central ideas of the book: – The non-market sharing of digital works is valuable and must be recognized as a legitimate activity (chapter 3). – New financing schemes are needed to turn the potential of a many-to-all creative world into a reality (chapter 4). In such an environment, all will have access to works, the right to share them and the technical means to produce new works. Many will build new capabilities in informing
challenges that will face us is the distribution of the collected contribution into shares going to various media and various forms of contribution to works. There are some tentative ground truths that may help here, for instance the time budgets for various media-related activities (production as well as access and usage). But there is clearly room also for collective preferences to express themselves. It does not seem optimal to favor time-consuming media when timeconsumption is often driven
of Human Rights (quoted earlier) should serve as a reminder that this has not always been the dominant view. To interpret this article in its fullest sense, we must take into account any means of promoting the material and moral interest of the authors of works, not just the control of copies. With this open approach in mind, is it so obviously wrong to transmit or to make available a cultural product in a non-profit way? Just how could this harm culture itself, or those who contribute to it?
production of informational tools such as software, collaborative media, etc. Nowadays, the true disagreement no longer concerns the radical nature of the changes introduced by ICT, but rather the acceptance of their effects. Some consider it desirable to impose, in the information domain, the scarcity and degree of control which were unavoidable in the sphere of physical carriers. They argue that this is needed in order to preserve certain functions which existed in the latter sphere (investment
suspicion because they fear that it could weaken economic growth. Recently, some have advocated the acknowledgment of the non-market commons contribution to empowerment and capability building as an essential strategy for renewing the social-democrat policy offer (LabideesPS 2010). Liberals in the European sense (defenders of economic freedom and civil rights) are deeply divided: most reject a repressive approach to file sharing, but they are reluctant to involve government intervention in