Sex in the Ancient World from A to Z
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In this fascinating and revealing A-to-Z, John G. Younger examines the sexual practices, expressions and attitudes of the Greeks and Romans, from Catullus and Caligula, to orgies and obscenity, and from abstinence and incest, to pederasty and prostitution.
The book opens with an overview of current thinking on ancient sex and sexuality, and goes on to provide an extraordinarily wide coverage of a sexual culture so very different from our own, approaching the subject from the perspectives of literature, history, archaeology and art.
Comprehensive, reliable and eye-opening, this A-to-Z illuminates an important aspect of the classical world. For those who want to take their reading further, there are numerous references to ancient sources and modern scholarship, as well as a separate section of works of art. This is an ideal introduction to and exploration of sex in the ancient world for readers at every level.
the demagogue Cleon (428 to 422). His ridicule of Socrates in the Clouds was partly responsible for the animosity toward him. In every play Aristophanes uses sex and sexuality in at least three major ways: sexual INVECTIVE (to lampoon citizens of the state, often by calling them CINAEDI), commenting on sexual and gender roles (to highlight social absurdity), and jokes about BODY FUNCTIONS (commenting on our common humanity). For instance, in the Lγsistrata alone, women observe that their primary
homosexuality. Early twentieth-century scholars thus tried to approach Greek and Roman sexuality with some objectivity (Licht 1925–8, 1932; Vorberg 1932). In the late twentieth century lavishly illustrated books (e.g. Marcadé 1962 and 1965; Grant and Mulas 1965; Boardman and LaRocca 1975; Johns 1982) allowed an interested public to examine ancient erotic art leisurely; and Brendel 1970 discussed it in comfortable art historical terms. Michel Foucault (1976/ 80–1984/6) systematized ancient
Penthesileia queen of the AMAZONS, but only seconds after they had fallen in love at first sight (NECROPHILIA). After Paris kills Achilles, Polyxena is sacrificed to him. Achilles may also have been the eromenos of Antilochos (Homer, Odyssey 24.78–9; cf. 40). In Homer, Patroklos is older than Achilles, and the two are just friends. Aeschylus (Myrmidons fr. 228 Mette) and Plato (Symp. 180a.4), however, make Achilles the elder erastes and Patroklos the younger eromenos (89, 166). Adonis , the son
mint—aphrodisiac (in a tea), contraceptive (pessary), for lactation. parsley oil—abortifacient. pennyroyal (Menta pulegium; Greek blêkhôn)—emmenagogue, abortifacient, for contractions. It is an important ingredient in the Eleusinian drink kukeôn, which also included barley meal and water. The Hippocratic Corpus recommends pennyroyal for opening up the uterus, for cleansing it before intercourse, for hysteria, for expelling afterbirth, and for stimulating lochia. pine—aphrodisiac, emmenagogue,
residences (McGinn 2002; 325). If each brothel had four prostitutes, there would then be one prostitute per fifty men (half the population of 10–12,000). The brothel in house I.10.10– 11 is the largest; another was the house of Amandus (IX.6.8C) with eight small rooms around an atrium with graffiti on the outside walls listing prices of women household SLAVES (vernae) at 5–8 asses (4.5203, 5204, 5206). Other, small brothels were connected to taverns (cauponae, popinae). Cauponae at V.1.13,