Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics
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The original work by Alfred Korzybski introducing the field of general semantics.
libraries scattered over the entire globe. In 1949, the Third American Congress on General Semantics was held at the University of Denver. This turned out to be the last occasion at which Alfred Korzybski made a public appearance. During these stimulating sessions he had the satisfaction of hearing numerous reports of investigations by his former students and others who had profited roundly from their familiarity with the non-aristotelian formulations. Many of these papers, representing a wide
leads to entirely different interpretations, generalizations, etc., although the first order empirical facts remain. Such an introduction requires a complete revision of the generalizations of biology, physiology, neurology, etc., and therefore even medicine and psychiatry. Incidentally, psychosomatic results become at least intelligible. Other examples may be given, such as the work of Professor William F. Petersen, ** who introduced the new factor of weather into medicine; or of Freud, who
short _of preposterous in the light of our argument. (332) B. MALINOWSKI If he contend, as sometimes he will contend, that he has defined all his terms and proved all his propositions, then either he is a performer of logical miracles or he is an ass; and, as you know, logical miracles are impossible. (264) CASSIUS]. KEYSER Finally, in semantic aphasia, the full significance of words and' phrases is lost. Separately, each word or each detail of a drawing can be understood, but the general
symbol but a meaningless sign. This applies to words just as it does to bank cheques. If one has a zero balance in the bank, but still has a cheque-book and issues a cheque, he issues a sign but not a symbol, because it does not stand for anything. The penalty for such use of these particular signs as symbols is usually jailing. This analogy applies to the oral noises we make, which occasionally become symbols and at other times do not; as yet, no penalty is exacted for such a fraud. Before a
tremendous influence upon the Aryan race. The reason is much more deeply rooted and pernicious. In his day, over two thousand years ago, Aristotle inherited a structurally primitive-made language. He, as well as the enormous majority of us at present, never realized that what is going on outside of our skins is certainly not words. We never 'think' about this distinction, but we all take over semantically from our parents and associates their habitual forms of representation involving structure