Schizoid Phenomena, Object-Relations and the Self
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An awe inspiring and thought provoking book!
such situations (i.e. object-loss) that all earlier experiences of object-loss are mobilized leading back to the earliest anxieties of the infant-mother relationship, a fact which might be regarded as a confirmation of the central importance of the depressive position as outlined by Melanie Klein. This conception links depression particularly closely with the Oedipus stage, as Melanie Klein stresses, with its ambivalence of love and hate and its guilt. We must return presently to this
persecutory environment, what Winnicott calls 'impingement Anger and aggression arise as 5 . an attempt by removing its cause, but in the infant they only lead to the discovery of helplessness, and therewith the turning in of aggression against his own weak ego. This powerfully reinforces the splitting processes tending to be set in motion by the fear with its natural consequence, flight from the bad outer world. This turning in of aggression, however, does not necessarily lead to fear of
contracted out of object-relations; his energy was flowing in reverse away from real objects into his inner world, and powerful regressive drives would involve sexual impotence as part of a general devitalization. Abraham says 'Depression sets in when (the neurotic) has given up his sexual aim', but in fact it is the other way round. This, however, was only one item in a general devitalization of his private and social life and his school work. He was not only afraid to be active in case he
to depression for it rouses the fear that one's hate will destroy the very person one needs and frustrating — grows into guilt. But there is an earlier and more basic reaction. When you cannot get what you want from the person you need, instead of getting angry you may simply go on getting more and more hungry, and full of a sense of painful craving, and a longing to get total and complete possession of your love-object so that you cannot be left to starve. Fairbairn arrived at the view (1941)
object. Fear in the ego EGO-WEAKNESS for itself plays a big part. guilt over the loss of a 171 Panic at the loss of a supportive object and mixed together. It takes a strongly love-object are developed ego to love disinterestedly and care for another person basically for that person's sake, even though in practice no one is ever as mature as that. So we are brought back again to the problem of ego-weakness as a legacy of disturbed development in the earliest formative years, a problem