Rome: A Cultural, Visual, and Personal History
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From Robert Hughes, one of the greatest art and cultural critics of our time, comes a sprawling, comprehensive, and deeply personal history of Rome—as a city, as an empire, and as an origin of Western art and civilization.
Starting on a personal note, Hughes takes us to the Rome he first encountered as a hungry twenty-one-year-old fresh from Australia in 1959. From there, he goes back more than two thousand years to the city’s foundation, one mired in mythologies and superstitions that would inform Rome’s development for centuries. He explores in rich detail the formation of empire, the rise of early Christianity, the Crusades, the Renaissance, and takes us up to the present, through the rise and fall of Mussolini’s fascism. Equal parts idolizing, blasphemous, outraged, and awestruck, Rome is a portrait of the Eternal City as only Robert Hughes could paint it.
sharing expenses with his friend Charles Hope, younger brother of one of his father’s main clients, the earl of Hopetoun. They embarked in 1754, and traveled together through Paris, the south of France, and central Italy. It was there, in Florence, that Robert Adam met the slightly older man who would prove so decisive to his career, a Frenchman who, he wrote, “has all these Knacks, so necessary to us Architects.” This was Charles-Louis Clérisseau (1721–1820). In the course of his immensely long
lifetime or successors after his death, can hardly be doubted today. His very presence in Rome, and his art’s relation to Roman prototypes, seemed to confirm that the city had kept an undiminished vitality as a center of the world’s culture. His success as a professional artist was on an almost Berninian scale, even though, unlike Bernini’s, his architectural ambitions were modest and he built nothing in Rome and only one major building outside it—but the work kept pouring from the studio, and
Laocoön, 3.1, 7.1, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3 La Padula, Ernesto La Pasionaria (Dolores Ibárruri) Lateran Treaty Lateranus, Plautius La Tour, Georges de Latrobe, Benjamin Lawrence, Saint (Lorenzo), 4.1, 5.1 Le Corbusier, 11.1, 11.2 Lega, Silvestro Leo I, Pope Leo IV, Pope, 5.1, 6.1 Leo X, Pope, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4 Leo XII, Pope Leonardo da Vinci, 6.1, 6.2 Last Supper, 6.1, 6.2 Virgin of the Rocks work on optics, n Leopardi Lepanto, Battle of Lepidus, Marcus Aemilius
11.8, 11.9, 11.10 and Hitler, 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 12.1 legacy of A Manifesto of Race as prime minister, 11.1, 12.1 and Spanish Civil War and unification Muybridge, Eadweard Napoleon Buonaparte, 9.1, 9.2 Code Napoleon fall of, at Waterloo, 9.1, 10.1 invasion of Rome, 9.1, 10.1, 10.2 Pius VII imprisoned by Napoleon III (Louis), 10.1, 10.2, 10.3 Nashe, Thomas, The Unfortunate Traveller naval power, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1
brimful of energy, highly intelligent, and completely dedicated to his own conception of the Church Militant. Such a man was not likely to be content until he had put his own stamp on the mania which seized pious Europeans in the twelfth century, and became the chief voice of that expression of mingled religious zeal and territorial frenzy: the Crusades. It seems extraordinary, looking back on the Crusades from nearly a thousand years later, that they could ever have been conceived as anything