Research In Psychology: Methods and Design
C. James Goodwin
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
An appealing, understandable, and valuable text, Research in Psychology: Methods and Design, 7th edition continues to offer its readers a clear, concise look at psychological science, experimental methods, and correlational research. This new edition also includes an added emphasis on research ethics; how the APA’s most recent code of ethics is applied to research, and the issue of scientific fraud. Rounded out with helpful learning aids, step-by-step instructions, and detailed examples of real research studies makes the material easy to read and student-friendly.
- Research examples range from contemporary research to classic studies in order to illustrate various methodological points and enhance critical thinking.
- Early coverage of experiments: The text gets to experiments as quickly as possible, and covers non-experimental research after experiments.
- Engaging historical material: Origins boxes show how different research methods and concepts have evolved.
- Extensive student review and application exercises: These provide opportunities for isntructors to engage their students in active learning.
- Self Tests are found throughout the chapters to give students the change to test their knowledge.
research). Eleanor labored there as an unpaid research associate for sixteen years before being named professor.4 It was during this period of uncertain status that she completed her work on perceptual development. Some sense of her excitement about this research is evident from her description of how the visual cliff experiments first came about. Briefly, the project evolved out of some perceptual development research with rats that she was doing with a Cornell colleague, Richard Walk. They were
using children and those from special populations (e.g., prisoners, nursing home residents). Describe how the ethics code applies to research that involves the Internet. Describe the arguments for and against the use of animals in psychological research. Identify the essential features of a researcher’s ethical responsibility when completing psychological research using animal subjects. Identify the varieties of scientific dishonesty, how it can be detected, and understand some of the reasons why
to them. Deciding which house to buy would be a snap if everything about house A was good and everything about house B was bad. But, in reality, both A and B have good and bad things about them. However the decision is actually made, Festinger predicted that dissonance would occur immediately after the final choice, because the person would have chosen something that had some negative attributes and rejected something with some positive attributes. The cognition ‘‘I am a good decision maker,’’ is
most potent when one of the cognitions related to an important aspect of the self-concept and threatened the self. Chapter 3. Developing Ideas for Research in Psychology 100 For example, Aronson would argue that the dissonance involved in smoking results from an inconsistency between what the person is doing (smoking) and a part of the self-concept that says ‘‘I am smart when it comes to my health.’’ Aronson and his students completed a number of studies supporting the importance of the
holding four cards and each has a letter printed on one side and a number printed on the other. As you look at the front side of the cards, this is what you see: E K 4 7 Your task is to decide which cards have to be turned over in order to determine whether the following rule is true or not: If a card has a vowel on the front side, then it has an even number on the back side. Which cards would you turn over? (Hint: Think in falsification terms—which cards, if turned over, would falsify or