Red October: Left-Indigenous Struggles in Modern Bolivia (Historical Materialism Books (Haymarket Books))
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their workplaces’, a useful theory of classformation will have to examine class in households and communities, as well as in workplaces.77 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. Anderson 1980; Cohen 1978. Camfield 2004, p. 434. Thompson 1963, p. 9. Camfield 2004, p. 437. Thompson 1963, p. 10. Thompson 1963, p. 11. Camfield 2004. Camfield 2004, p. 421. Camfield 2004, p. 424. Ibid. Ibid. 18 • Chapter One Camfield’s interpretation is also inﬂuenced by the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci,
to transform the indigenous comunario into a small peasantlandowner, and to convert land into a commodity, free for buying and selling on the market. 25. Irurozqui 2000, p. 94. The vicious dispossession of indigenous land through force, fraud and purchase was resisted heroically, but the unequal concentration of power in the hands of mine owners, the hacendados, foreign capital, and the state eventually overwhelmed much of that resistance. 44 • Chapter Two Historian Herbert S. Klein is correct
advice, commentary, and constructive critique of Henry Veltmeyer and Marc Becker. Vanessa Bohm, in between Latin-American newscasts for the excellent San Francisco-based KPFA radio show, La Raza Chronicles/Crónicas de La Raza, read the manuscript and provided valuable feedback. Sasha Lilley, co-host of another amazing KPFA radio-programme, Against the Grain, helped sharpen my ideas on Bolivia by Acknowledgements • xv inviting me on the show, and cutting through trivialities with a series of
COMIBOL, and co-gobierno (co-government), or the designation of several important ministries to trade-unionists, were all expressions of this power. 156. Roddick and van Niekerk 1989, p. 141. 157. Roddick and van Niekerk 1989, p. 146. 158. The Stalinists of the PCB organised against such an orientation, arguing that the working class should support the MNR-government – now led by President Hernán Siles Zuazo – to avoid any possibility of a right-wing coup (Roddick and van Neikerk 1989, p. 146).
p. 125. 21. Dunkerley 1984, pp. 148–9. 22. The San Juan massacre was emblematic of Barrientos’s general repressive assault on the working class. It was meant to inspire fear, defeat hope, and crush resistance. Gathered in the town of Llallagua outside the Siglo XX mine on 23 June 1967, unionists and their families celebrated both the traditional indigenous festivities associated with the winter-solstice on the eve of San Juan, and the anticipation of a two-day illegal FSTMB congress. With the