Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st Century
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Filled with comprehensive, balanced coverage of classic and contemporary research, relevant examples, and engaging applications, this book shows you how psychology helps you understand yourself and the world-and uses psychological principles to illuminate the variety of opportunities you have in your life and your future career. While professors cite this bestselling book for its academic credibility and the authors' ability to stay current with 'hot topics,' students say it's one text they just don't want to stop reading. The book and associated workbook are highly readable, engaging, and visually appealing, providing you with a wealth of material you can put to use every day.
“high-stress” sample on the first day of their finals. The subjects also responded to the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS; see Chapter 3) as a measure of recent stress. Reduced levels of immune activity were found during PSYCHOLOGY AND PHYSICAL HEALTH Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review
of American Weiten/Lloyd: Psychology to the Modern Life Medical Association. As you can see, their calculations suggest that smoking and obesity are the leading causes 8th Edition of preventable mortality. However, their mortality estimate For: Thomson Wadsworthfor obesity has proven controversial and is Jennie Redwitz, 650-637-7682 the subject of some debate (some experts argue that their estimate is too high). 14.08 WEITEN-Behavior.eps 148 CHAPT ER 5 PSYCHOLOGY AND PHYSICAL HEALTH Last
patches, nasal sprays, or inhalers. The rationale for nicotine substitutes is that insofar as nicotine is addictive, using a substitute might be helpful during the period when the person is trying to give up cigarettes. Do these substitutes work? They do help (Stead et al., 2008). Controlled studies have demonstrated that nicotine substitutes increase longterm rates of quitting in comparison to placebos (Swan, Hudman, & Khroyan, 2003). However, the increases are modest and the success rates are
variability in how alcohol affects different people on dif1.4 ferent occasions. Nonetheless, the central effect is a “Who cares?” brand of 1.2 euphoria that temporarily boosts selfesteem as one’s problems melt away. 0 Negative emotions such as tension, 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 worry, anxiety, and depression are Years dulled, and inhibitions may be loosened (Johnson & Ait-Daoud, 2005). Figure 5.13 Thus, when first-year college students Drinking in America. Drinking in the United
greater persistence and effort in academic pursuits (Zimmerman, 1995); higher levels of academic performance (Chemers, Hu, & Garcia, 2001); reduced vulnerability to anxiety and depression in childhood (Muris, 2002); less jealousy in romantic relationships (Hu, Zhang, & Li, 2005); enhanced performance in athletic competition (Kane et al., 1996); greater receptiveness to technological training (Christoph, Schoenfeld, & Tansky, 1998); greater success in searching for a new job (Saks, 2006); higher