Psych 101: Psychology Facts, Basics, Statistics, Tests, and More! (Adams 101)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A hands-on approach to exploring the human mind
Too often, textbooks turn the noteworthy theories, principles, and experiments of psychology into tedious discourse that even Freud would want to repress. Psych 101 cuts out the boring details and statistics, and instead, gives you a lesson in psychology that keeps you engaged - and your synapses firing.
From personality quizzes and the Rorschach Blot Test to B.F. Skinner and the stages of development, this primer for human behavior is packed with hundreds of entertaining psychology basics and quizzes you can't get anywhere else.
So whether you're looking to unravel the intricacies of the mind, or just want to find out what makes your friends tick, Psych 101 has all the answers - even the ones you didn't know you were looking for.
more mistakes. If you are 48 B a sic T he o ries o n G r o ups a professional basketball player, however, you are already skilled in the task, and the presence of other people will make you better as you strive to demonstrate your ability. When Groups Make Decisions When groups make decisions, one of two things generally happens: “groupthink” or “group polarization.” Groupthink When a group agrees on most issues, there is a tendency to stifle any dissent. The group anticipates harmony. If
ng y o ur s e l f In 1957, psychologist Leon Festinger suggested in his cognitive dissonance theory that every person has an inner drive and desire to avoid dissonance (or disharmony) in all of their attitudes and beliefs (cognitions), and that they ultimately wish to achieve harmony (consonance) among their cognitions. If a person has feelings of discomfort due to conflicting, simultaneous cognitions, this is known as cognitive dissonance. In order to reduce the discomfort and restore balance, a
four legs, a tail, ears, etc. When the child is approached by an actual dog, the child now faces new characteristics that were not originally part of their schema. The dog is furry; the dog licks; the dog can bark. Because these were not in the original schema, there is disequilibrium and the child begins to construct meaning. When the parent confirms that this information is also for a dog, assimilation occurs and equilibrium is regained as the child incorporates this information into the
a h a m M a s l o w this category are met. These include the need for food, water, air, sleep, homeostasis, and sexual reproduction. Safety The safety and security needs are needs that are also important for survival, but are not as crucial as the physiological needs. This level of the model includes needs like personal security—such as a home and a safe neighborhood—financial security, health, and some form of safety net to protect against accidents, like insurance. Love and Belonging The love
regard their own needs as secondary. Karen Horney was incredibly influential to the world of psychology. Her views on neuroses as a way to deal with interpersonal relationships and her identification of neurotic needs were truly groundbreaking, and by breaking away from the male-dominant views set forth by Sigmund Freud, Horney established herself as a strong voice for women and female psychology. K a re n H o r n ey 157 John Bowlby (1907 -1990) T he f a t her o f t he t he or y o f mo t