Propaganda and Intelligence in the Cold War: The NATO information service (Studies in Intelligence)
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This book offers the first account of the foundation, organisation and activities of the NATO Information Service (NATIS) during the Cold War.
During the Cold War, NATIS was pivotal in bringing national delegations together to discuss their security, information and intelligence concerns and, when appropriate or possible, to devise a common response to the ‘Communist threat’. At the same time, NATIS liaised with bodies like the Atlantic Institute and the Bilderberg group in the attempt to promote a coordinated western response. The NATO archive material also shows that NATIS carried out its own information and intelligence activities.
Propaganda and Intelligence in the Cold War
provides the first sustained study of the history of NATIS throughout the Cold War. Examining the role of NATIS as a forum for the exchange of ideas and techniques about how to develop and run propaganda programmes, this book presents a sophisticated understanding of the extent to which national information agencies collaborated. By focusing on the degree of cooperation on cultural and information activities, this analysis of NATIS also contributes to the history of NATO as a political alliance and reminds us that NATO was – and still is – primarily a political organisation.
This book will be of much interest to students of NATO, Cold War studies, intelligence studies, and IR in general.
became a crucial weapon in the propaganda war between East and West, and a rich body of literature is now available for specialists as well as for the general public.1 Like all other information agencies at the time, the NATO Information Service was aware of the propaganda potential of films. NATIS produced numerous short films, often in partnership with national information officers and particularly with the United States Information Agency (USIA). These were usually short documentary-style
newspapers in cafés. When presenting Turkey, the narrator makes a point that ‘here too women have been liberated’. Europe: Two Decades links more clearly the foundation of NATO to the Marshall Plan and to the European integration process, and suggests that they are all steps in the same effort to create a more united Europe and to foster transatlantic relations within the context of the Atlantic community. The film shows the signing of the Rome Treaty establishing the Common Market in 1957 as a
community: the NATO Information Service, private Atlantic networks and the Atlantic community in the 1950s’, in Aubourg V., Bossuat G. and Scott- Smith G. (eds), European Community, Atlantic Community? (Paris: Soleb, 2008), pp. 390–415. 35 Report by the Secretary General of progress during the period 1 December 1955 to 1 April 1956, 26 April 1956, NA, CM(56)54. 36 Survey by the Secretary General of Progress during the period 1 May 1955 to 30 November 1955, 6 December 1955, NA, CM(55)122; CICR,
‘Détente versus alliance: France, the United States and the politics of the Harmel Report’, Contemporary European History, 7/3 (November 1998), pp. 343–360. Braden T., ‘The birth of the CIA’, American Heritage, 28 (1977), pp. 4–13. Brands H., ‘Rethinking non-proliferation: LBJ, the Gilpatric Committee and US National Security Policy’, Journal of Cold War Studies, 8/2 (Spring 2006), pp. 83–113. Burk K., ‘The Marshall Plan: filling in some of the blanks’, Contemporary European History, 10/2
and the covert funding of numerous left- wing journals and intellectuals.54 Thus, in the early 1950s cooperation between the IRD and like-minded American agencies, such as USIA and the IOD, grew stronger, while coordination with the other Western European countries struggled to take off. Like the IRD, the CIA was eager to make sure that NATO produced a coordinated and effective response to Soviet propaganda. Contrary to the views held in London, in the eyes of the American officials effective