Paradise Lost (Dover Thrift Editions)
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In sublime poetry of extraordinary beauty, Milton's poem references tales from Ovid's Metamorphoses, the Iliad and Odyssey, and Virgil's Aeneid. But one need not be a classical scholar to appreciate Paradise Lost. In addition to its imaginative use of language, the poem features a powerful and sympathetic portrait of Lucifer, the rebel angel who frequently outshines his moral superiors. With Milton's deft use of irony, the devil makes evil appear good, just as satanic practices may seem attractive at first glance.
Paradise Lost has exercised enormous influence on generations of artists and their works, ranging from the Romantic poets William Blake and Percy Bysshe Shelley to Joseph Haydn's oratorio The Creation and J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.
throughout the Host proclaim A solemn Councel forthwith to be held At Pandæmonium, the high Capital Of Satan and his Peers:° thir summons call’d From every Band and squared Regiment By place° or choice° the worthiest; they anon With hunderds and with thousands trooping came Attended: all access was throng’d, the Gates And Porches wide, but chief the spacious Hall (Though like a cover’d field, where Champions bold Wont° ride in arm’d, and at the Soldans° chair Defi’d the best of Panim° chivalry To
subjects for tragedies drawn from the Bible and British history, among them four brief sketches for a tragedy on the Fall (see appendix). The two longer versions call for five acts, the Fall occurring offstage, xvi Introduction a mix of biblical and allegorical characters, and a “mask of all the evills of this life & world.” Milton’s nephew Edward Phillips, who was also his pupil and sometime amanuensis, saw several verses for the beginning of such a tragedy, including ten lines Milton later
multitude Might hap to move new broiles: Be this or aught Then this more secret now design’d, I haste To know, and this once known, shall soon return, And bring ye to the place where Thou and Death Shall dwell at ease, and up and down unseen Wing silently the buxom° Air, imbalm’d° With odours; there ye shall be fed and fill’d Immeasurably, all things shall be your prey. He ceas’d, for both seem’d highly pleasd, and Death poison fatal stroke lesson claims unknown, strange bottomless outskirts
Mine ear shall not be slow, mine eye not shut. 73 defamed granted decayed death-dealing special in time 170–2. The Son is the agent through whom God’s power, “effectual might,” is exercised (cf. l Cor. 1:24), the “word” through whom his “wisdom” is made manifest and his creative will is performed ( John 1:1–3). See PL 6.710–14 and 7.163–6. 174–80. After the Fall salvation is only possible through God’s grace. Reason and will are so damaged that unless God renews them humans cannot resist
nigh at hand Celestial Armourie, Shields, Helmes, and Speares, Hung high with Diamond flaming, and with Gold. Thither came Uriel, gliding through the Eeven On a Sun beam, swift as a shooting Starr In Autumn thwarts the night, when vapors fir’d Impress the Air, and shews the Mariner From what point of his Compass to beware 107 wandering farthest west from afar continually 544–5 Alablaster. White, translucent marble veined with colors. 549 Gabriel. Hebrew, “Strength of God.” A tradition (see 1