Nefertiti: Egypt's Sun Queen
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
For over a decade Nefertiti, wife of the heretic king Akhenatem, was the most influential woman in the Bronze Age. Her image and name were celebrated throughout Egypt and her future seemed golden. Suddenly Nefertiti disappeared from the royal family, vanishing so completely that it was as if she had never been. No record survives to detail her death, no monument serves to mourn her passing and to this day her end remains an enigma. Joyce Tyldesley provides a detailed discussion of the life and times of Nefertiti, set against the background of the ephemeral Amarna Court.
something of an unknown quantity, and Tushratta may have calculated (wrongly) that his best chance of receiving the precious statues was to beg Tiy to plead his cause with her son. However, Tushratta may have already been aware that the new king was by no means as friendly towards Mitanni as his father had been. The two rulers went on to enjoy a less than brotherly relationship and none of Tushratta’s letters to Amenhotep received the courtesy of a reply. After three abortive epistles Tushratta
included a magnificent open temple named Gempaaten (‘The Sun Disc is found’) and its subsidiary, Hwt-Benben (‘Mansion of the Benben-Stone’), which were situated to the east of the existing Karnak complex. Unfortunately the archaeological evidence for this period is severely limited and none of these buildings still stands. This is due not to the ravages of time, which have not been particularly severe at Thebes, but to the deliberate actions of Amenhotep’s successors who made a determined effort
Tutankhamen, and finally moved again to a mummy cache, possibly via a sojourn in the tomb of Amenhotep III where fragments of Tiy’s shabti figures have been found? We have several anonymous New Kingdom female mummies recovered from the Valley of the Kings. And there are many missing New Kingdom royal women, including Tiy, Kiya, Nefertiti, and all her daughters. It is natural, but frustrating, to try to match up the two. For a long time Amarna scholars have focused their attention on a trio of
of Queen Tiye, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 43:10–25. 9 Aldred, C. (1988), Akhenaten, king of Egypt, London: 195. 10 Quoted in Gardiner, A. (1957), op. cit.: 25. 11 Most experts are agreed that the gold mask had been torn off the coffin in antiquity, but see the comment in el Mahdy, C. (1999), Tutankhamen; life and death of a boy king, London: 45, that ‘the few surviving photographs of the coffin within the tomb show that at the time of discovery the face was made of gold… later when the
Taweret (goddess), 83–4, 85 Tefnut (goddess), 24, 25, 64, 78, 79, 83, 101, 104, 105, 143, 146, 179 tell, 9 Tell Amarna. See Amarna Tell el-Amarna. See Amarna Tetisheri (queen), 79 Tey (wife of Ay), 9 as nurse, 46–8, 178 as queen, 178 titles and rewards, 46, 134; pl.15 tomb, 49, 134, 178 Thebes (southern capital), 7, 11, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 28, 30, 35, 37, 51, 52, 55, 57, 65, 67, 68, 71, 101, 105, 110, 112, 113, 116, 117, 119, 125, 126, 132, 140, 143, 146, 153, 161, 171, 174, 178, 183,