Liturgical Works (Eerdmans Commentaries on the Dead Sea Scrolls)
James R. Davila
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The book begins with a general introduction to the Qumran library and Jewish liturgical traditions. Davila then provides an introduction, translation, notes on the original Hebrew, and line-by-line commentary for each of the Qumran liturgical works. Davila's excellent translation work combines overlapping fragmentary manuscripts into a single, smoothly flowing text, and his commentary includes numerous fresh insights and observations on these writings. Giving full attention to parallel texts found in the Hebrew Bible and other Jewish and Christian writings through late antiquity, Davila firmly situates the Qumran liturgical works in their historical context in Second Temple Judaism and discusses their significance as background to the Jewish liturgy, Jewish mysticism, and Christian origins.
Shedding light on a period of Jewish history whose ritual life formerly lay almost entirely in darkness, this volume makes--and subsequent ECDSS volumes will make--a valuable contribution to our understanding of the biblical world.
could represent two different words depending on how it is vocalized. If vocalized כ י ו ר, it should be translated "laver," but if vocalized כ י ו ר, it. should be translated "panel work, tablature." See the commentary for details. 1, Reconstruct, the word before "colorful" as either ]זו[ ה ר, "radiance of" (supported by Nitzan) or 1n[W], "purity of" (cf. Songs XI 4Q405 19:4-5; XII 4Q405 20ii-2122:11; XIII llQ17ix:7). 0 The word "godhood" ( ) א ל ו ה ו תis also found in Songs I 4Q400
Divinit[ie]s psalm Him when they [be]gin to stand, and all the s[pirits of] the firma[men]ts of 7 purity rejoice in His glory, and a voice of blessing from all its districts is recounting the firmaments of His glory, and His gates are psalming 8 with a voice of chanting. At the entrances of the gods of knowledge in portals of glory and at all exits of angels of holiness to their realm, 9 the portals of His entrance and the gates of exit proclaim the glory of the King, blessing and psalming all
"Melchizedek: King, Priest, and God." In The Seductiveness of Jewish Myth: Challenge or Response? edited by S. Daniel Breslauer, 217-34. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997. Fitzmyer, Joseph A. '"Now This M e l c h i z e d e k . . ( H e b 7:1 )."In Essays on the Semitic Background of the New Testament, 221-43. SBLSBS 5. N.p.: Scholars Press, 1974. Horton, Fred L., Jr. The Melchizedek Tradition: A Critical Examination of the Sources to the Fifth Century A.D. and in the Epistle to
o u n "dyed material" occurs only in Judg 5:30 (x2), where its plural form refers to clothing. In RH the root means "to dip, to dye" (cloth), and the noun means "dye, color, dyed material" (Jastrow, 1259a). This word also appears in XIII11Q17 ix:5 and XIII4Q405 23ii:8,9; 4Q405 49:2. Except for the last passage, whose context is broken, the word always appears within a line or two of the phrase "purely salted." In a description of the heavenly throne room in the HL with many similarities to the
manuscript that was published in two batches. • 4Q507 consists of a few fragments, probably of the same work, whose handwriting the editor dates to the beginning of the first century CE. • 4Q508 is preserved in forty-three small fragments, a few of which overlap with 1Q34 + lQ34 b i s , and was written about the same time as 4Q507. • 4Q509 and 4Q505.4Q509 is found on the recto of a large papyrus manuscript that bears writing on both sides (an "opisthograph"). The verso contains a copy of the War