John Bowlby and Attachment Theory (Makers of Modern Psychotherapy)
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Second edition, completely revised and updated
John Bowlby is one of the outstanding psychological theorists of the twentieth century. This new edition of John Bowlby and Attachment Theory is both a biographical account of Bowlby and his ideas and an up-to-date introduction to contemporary attachment theory and research, now a dominant force in psychology, counselling, psychotherapy and child development.
traces the evolution of Bowlby’s work from a focus on delinquency, material deprivation and his dissatisfaction with psychoanalysis's imperviousness to empirical science to the emergence of attachment theory as a psychological model in its own right. This new edition traces the explosion of interest, research and new theories generated by Bowlby’s followers, including Mary Main’s discovery of Disorganised Attachment and development of the Adult Attachment Interview, Mikulincer and Shaver’s explorations of attachment in adults and the key contributions of Fonagy, Bateman and Target. The book also examines advances in the biology and neuroscience of attachment.
Thoroughly accessible yet academically rigorous, and written by a leading figure in the field, John Bowlby and Attachment Theory is still the perfect introduction to attachment for students of psychology, psychiatry, counselling, social work and nursing.
groups and between disturbed and nondisturbed families is greater than intercultural variance, again supporting the ‘universality hypothesis’. Numerous research and theoretical questions followed from the establishment of this robust research tool, whose ramifications continue to the present day. How do we understand these different patterns of response? Can they be related to patterns of maternal-infant interaction in the early months of life? Are they stable over time, and if so for how long?
protest of infants when parted from their caregivers, the wonderful capacity of secure base parents to soothe that distress, or the torment of the Disorganised infant's failure to find such succour, Attachment Theory may seem somewhat bland. Failing to appreciate the power of phantasy, and the complexity of its relationship with external reality, is perhaps a real lacuna in Bowlby's work, but in eschewing the scientific rigour which Bowlby saw it so badly needed, psychoanalysis was held back in
7.1 Clinical aspects of insecure-avoidant and dismissive attachment Another instance of the repression of painful affect in Darwin's life comes from his granddaughter Gwen Raverat's account of a family word game in which words are ‘stolen’ by one player from another if they can add a letter so as to create a new one. On one occasion Darwin saw someone add an ‘M’ to ‘other’ to make ‘Mother’. Darwin stared at it for some time, objecting: ‘There's no such word as M-OTHER’! Raverat's (1952)
report from Nanny after breakfast every day, and the children, clean and brushed, would come down to the drawing room from 5 to 6 p.m. after tea, where she would read to them, especially from her beloved Children of the New Forest. May Mostyn had vowed that she would never marry a ‘city man’; Sir Anthony loved fishing and shooting. Every spring and summer came the ritual of family holidays. At Easter the children were dispatched to Margate with the nurses, while Sir Anthony and Lady Bowlby went
identity developed. When members of the two groups met, scuffles broke out. The experimenters then arranged for the food lorry to break down some miles from the camp, which meant that the two groups had to collaborate in bringing essential supplies to their base. The results were as follows: After some initial prevarication and quarrelling, the two groups coalesced into a larger and sufficiently coherent and cohesive group for this essential task. As this happened the stereotyping, antipathy and