Jean-François Lyotard (Routledge Critical Thinkers)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Jean-François Lyotard is one of the most celebrated proponents of what has become known as the 'postmodern'. More than almost any other contemporary theorist, he has explored the relations between knowledge, art, politics and history, in ways that offer radical new possibilities for thinking about modern culture.
Simon Malpas introduces students to issues at the heart of Lyotard's work, including
*modernity and the postmodern
*history and representation
*art and the unpresentable
*knowledge, the university and the future.
Lyotard's work is impossible to dismiss or ignore for anybody who is serious about contemporary literature and culture, and this guide provides the ideal companion to the wide variety of his critical texts.
can describe the world. Lyotard argues that this sort of scientific investigation ‘suggests a model of legitimation that has nothing to do with maximised performance, but has as its basis difference understood as paralogy’ (1984: 60). By paralogy, which can literally be defined as bad or false logic, Lyotard is describing the way in which a language move has the potential to break the rules of an existing game (which is why it seems bad or false) in such a way that a new game needs to be
its account of aesthetics and art. According to Habermas, art must be thought of as a part of the project of emancipation, and its role of helping people to understand and act in the world around them should be recaptured from the experts and critics whose discussions of art are incomprehensible to those who don't share their level of specialist education. For Habermas, modernism marks the quintessence of emancipatory art. He argues that the beginning of the twentieth century saw numerous
idea of politics, knowledge about the way the world or a society really is produces its own form of justice from the truth of its descriptions. The just becomes part of the true, and the idea of a ‘good society’ that is developed implies specific ways of acting ethically. This ‘good society’ is an object of knowledge that sets out, in a series of denotative statements, a theory of what will make life perfect. Ethics is then based on propositions such as ‘If the good society is X, then we should
Council of Universities of the Provincial Government of Quebec, the French-speaking province of Canada. The subject of this report was the state of knowledge in the world's most highly developed societies at the end of the twentieth century. In other words, what Lyotard was asked to report on was the ways in which different ways of knowing about and dealing with the world — science, technology, law, the university system, etc. — are understood and valued in contemporary society. The book that
existence, their history and ambitions for the future. Although the term ‘narrative’ is commonly associated with literary fiction, all forms of discourse employ narratives to present their ideas. Examples of this might include History that constructs narratives of the past, Psychology that tells stories about the self, or Sociology that depicts different social formations and their effects on individuals. In the same way, scientific statements are presented through types of narrative that