Japan's Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery and Prostitution during World War II and the US occupation (Asia's Transformations)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This groundbreaking book will have a deep impact on the ongoing international debate which surrounds this highly controversial and emotive issue.
'One of the achievements of this volume is that it successfully personalises some of the 'comfort' women. It exhaustively details the inhumane process by which they were 'recruited' or forced into what amounted to sexual slavery and the degrading day-to-day treatment meted out to them by recruiters, managers and soldiers if the women refused to 'comfort' soldiers, became pregnant or were ill. Even more significantly, this volume attempts to establish the figures that helped to implement the 'comfort' women system, including senior Japanese military officers, Ministry of War bureaucrats, brothel owners and their recruiters and medical staff.'
- Intersections, Issue 9.
Kairan-ban kara Konran Maneku” in Asahi Shimbun, 19 August 1945. 10 JNDL Collection, Chian Jōsei Nos. 8 (August 22, 1945) and 30 (August 31, 1945) in “Chian Jōsei Kempei Shireibu 1945, August–September,” Japanese Army and Navy Archives, Reel 229, T1555/f02498–02511; Yamada Meiko, op. cit., pp. 10–11. 11 JNDL Collection, Chian Jōsei, No. 10 (August 23, 1945). 12 “Arienu Ryakudatsu Bōkō: Chōshū mo Waga Seifu no Te o Tsūjite Okonau” in Asahi Shimbun, August 19, 1945. 13 “Jōriku suru Beihei tachi
Japanese military occupation from the beginning. The peaceful honeymoon period between the Japanese invaders and the Indonesian population lasted only a short time, as the local people soon realized that the Japanese had no intention of giving them autonomous political power. Yet, it may not be wrong to speculate that Japanese sexual violence against the local Indonesian women was not a widespread problem in the early stage of the Japanese military occupation of the Dutch East Indies.
were taken to an officers’ club instead, and ordered to work as comfort women. Despite persistent pressure by Japanese officers, six of these eight women refused the demand and two days later they were released. Two women, however, gave in and became comfort women at this officers’ club. There were similar cases in Cirebon and Jember.21 In September 1943, a Japanese man, Aoji Washio, started operating a military brothel called the Sakura Club near Pasar Baru in Batavia, using Dutch women, as
and order would be maintained by police and the kempeitai as it always had been. However, items 4 to 7 were all designed to warn Japanese women to keep themselves away from the foreign troops as much as possible. Item 7 particularly warned the women who would have to live near the camps of the occupation troops not to walk alone in a quiet street, even in daytime, let alone in the evening.16 Almost every day until August 29, the day after 46 planes of the US advance party arrived at Atsugi
airbase on the outskirts of Tokyo, almost all major Japanese newspapers ran such ambivalent and sometimes clearly contradictory articles on the same page. This fact is indicative of the situation at the time, in which the Japanese government somehow tried to persuade the populace to keep calm by influencing media publications, yet the press itself was extremely skeptical about the government view. It also showed that the government’s wartime power to tightly control the press was rapidly