Introducing Sartre: A Graphic Guide
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Between the end of World War II in 1945 and his death in 1980, Jean-Paul Sartre was the most famous French writer, as well as one of the best-known living philosophers. Introducing Sartre explains the basic ideas inspiring his world view, paying particular attention to his ideas on freedom, literature, Marxism, and inequality.
no time did he take a stand on women's rights or lend his support to campaigns in favour of birth control or abortion. Although it is true that de Beauvoir expresses a number of ideas also found in Sartre's work, she is not simply a mouthpiece for his views. The two best books on Simone de Beauvoir are by Deirdre Blair, Simone de Beauvoir: A Biography (Cape, London 1990) and Toril Moy, Simone de Beauvoir: The Making of an Intellectual Woman (Blackwell, Oxford 1994). Toril Moy also quotes the
despair 47 Diable et le Bon Dieu, Le 106-7 didacticism 22-3 doing vs. being 59-60 Dostoievski, Feodor 146 6crivain engage 78 education, revolt against 25 emotions 40-3 en-soi 55, 58, 59 essence 32, 67, 68 essential love 70 Estelle in In Camera 63, 65 everydayness 61 existential laboratory 62 psychoanalysis 73, 81, 153 existentialism defined 3, 18, 25, 146 exclusion from society 148 and Marxism 105 Existentialism is a Humanism 33 Family Idiot, The 153, 158, 162 fascism 84 feminism 71 Flaubert,
view, are also so constituted that it is always the mind and not the body which is in command. For it is not because Lucienne is a passionate woman, who feels frustrated at living with her semi-impotent husband Henri, that she istempted to go off with Pierre. It is purely to flatter hor wonitv Every time I have been able Her behaviour offers an to get to the illustration of an idea more roots of the fully developed in Sartre's problem of best-known philosophical work, frigidity, Being and
thereby we "fall into inauthenticity". 60 We fall into the inauthenticity of what Heidegger calls "Theyness": "We take pleasure and enjoy ourselves as they take pleasure; we read, we see and judge about literature and art as they see and judge; we find shocking what they find shocking. The 'they', which all are, prescribes the kind of being of everydayness." The reason why for Sartre there is no "difference" is that man can never become "God" (or ens sui causa: the cause of one's own being).
Germans. There is a Resistance movement and the Proletarian Party is one of the most important members. The leader of its main faction is Hoederer. Louis' faction, in which Hugo is involved, enjoys what turns out to be the temporary support of Moscow. 90 Inorder to prevent the change of line planned by Hoederer from taking place, Hugo Barine accepts Louis' plot. He will no longer have the feelings of uncertainty about himself and about his own identity which cause him such unhappiness. He