Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions
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The question of governance of the Internet is increasing in significance. The United Nations' World Summit on the Information Society, held in two phases in 2003 and 2005, provoked heated debate, and the resultant meetings of the Internet Governance Forum that followed this have been the subject of growing public and media interest. Yet governance of the Internet is multifaceted, complex, and far from transparent, and there has been little written about the subject
which is detailed, systematic, and non-polemical.
This book focuses on the issues involved in the ongoing development of Internet governance, and the challenges associated with developing and applying governance structures at a global level based on bottom-up, consensus-seeking decision-making procedures, without direct foundation in a treaty frame-work. Leading academics and practitioners studying and working in the area of Internet governance explore such issues as how the engineering of infrastructure matters, how legitimacy is gained and
retained by governance organizations, and whether elements of such organizations can provide a model for other organizations to emulate. They examine the tensions inherent in Internet governance, such as government control versus digital libertarianism; commercialism versus civil society ideals;
interests of developed countries versus interests of developing countries.
The book will be of interest to academics, researchers, and students of Information and Communications Technology, legal aspects of ICT, and Organization Studies, as well as legal practitioners, government bodies, NGOs, and others concerned with Internet governance.
the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers 2 (ICANN): these institutions can be said to govern the technical infrastructure and architecture of the Internet. We might also be thinking about a much broader and perhaps more compelling set of questions about policy issues that implicate the Internet: these questions include the regulation of online gambling, child pornography, freedom of speech, and the future of commerce and implicate nation states and international organizations. For
reconsider its order, claiming that it was technologically impossible to selectively block French citizens from its auction site. Relying on expert testimony, however, the French Court found that blocking access from French citizens is technologically feasible. The panel of experts, including Vinton Cerf—one of the central designers of the Internet 49 —testiﬁed that some 70 per cent of the IP addresses of French users or users in French territory could be correctly identiﬁed to be located within
decision-making strategies. Unless otherwise stated, all references in the book (including URLs) are current as of 1 July 2008. 9 See, for example, the discussion on ‘network neutrality’ in Chapter 2 (Section 2.10). 7 1 Building cyberspace: a brief history of Internet Jon Bing 1 1.1. Paul Baran The history of the Internet is recent; many of the persons taking part in its development are still alive. In spite of this, the history is shrouded in myths and anecdotes. One of the more persistent
Scandinavian countries, have similar schemes in place. 109 Australia, already home to a relatively aggressive scheme targeting obscene material, 110 is planning to introduce an ISP-level blocking system too. 111 Much of the Internet-speciﬁc policy developed by the EU is also directed at combating dissemination of harmful or illegal content on the Internet. The policy takes the form of an Action Plan the chief elements of which are sponsoring development of ﬁltering tools and promoting 106