International Relations: The Key Concepts (Routledge Key Guides)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Featuring over twenty new entries, International Relations: The Key Concepts, now in its second edition, is the essential guide for anyone interested in international affairs. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it introduces the most important themes in international relations in the post 9/11 era.
Key areas cover international criminal law, human rights, the developing world (the Arab League, African Union), globalization and strategic studies. New entries include:
- the English School
- the Digital Divide
- the War on Terror
- the Bush Doctrine
- the International Criminal Court
- global warming
- the Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Featuring suggestions for further reading as well as a unique guide to web sites on international relations, this accessible guide is an invaluable aid to an understanding of this expanding field and is ideal for the student and non-specialist alike.
Turner dedicated the Cable News Network (CNN) on 1 June 1980, calling the round-the-clock news operation ‘America’s news channel’. Using satellites to deliver CNN to cable operators around the country meant that Turner could reach American consumers without having to build a conventional network of local broadcast aﬃliates to rebroadcast his programmes over the airwaves. Unfortunately for Turner, only about 20 per cent of US television households could receive cable television, and his new
truncated notion of what it means to be fully human. In recent years, communitarian thought has attracted the attention of students of international relations. Its signiﬁcance lies in the fact that it can form the basis of a moral defence of the sovereign nation-state. If human beings are socially embedded, and individuals cannot be fully human outside of a shared community, then the form of social organisation which most clearly expresses the shared values of the community (assuming that the
ﬁnal good, but also other producers and their workers who use the good as an input. What advocates of free trade argue, however, is that the gains on the supply side of such a market are larger than the losses on the demand side, in the sense that the gainers could aﬀord to compensate the losers and still remain better oﬀ. If the domestic price of a good is higher than the world price, then the direction of trade will be the opposite. It will be imported. Here again there are winners and losers,
the status of worldwide customary law. Until fairly recently, customary international law was the principal means by which international law was developed, but it has proved too slow to accommodate the rapidly changing nature of international law. Today the multilateral treaty has overtaken it. Furthermore, the increase in the number of states from the small ‘club of twenty’ that existed after the First World War to today’s 190 or so, has made it 159 diﬃcult to prove the
pluralism within states and a greater regard and respect for minority rights. Since ethnic nationalism is unlikely to disappear in the near future, we need to develop mechanisms, methods, and strategies to manage irredentist conﬂicts. See also: democratisation; extraterritoriality; nationalism; secession; sovereignty; United Nations Further reading: Carment and James, 1995; Chazan, 1991; Heraclides, 1990; Horowitz, 1992; Midlarsky, 1992 ISOLATIONISM A political strategy committed to minimal