International Relations: The Key Concepts (Routledge Key Guides)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Featuring over twenty new entries, International Relations: The Key Concepts, now in its second edition, is the essential guide for anyone interested in international affairs. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it introduces the most important themes in international relations in the post 9/11 era.
Key areas cover international criminal law, human rights, the developing world (the Arab League, African Union), globalization and strategic studies. New entries include:
- the English School
- the Digital Divide
- the War on Terror
- the Bush Doctrine
- the International Criminal Court
- global warming
- the Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Featuring suggestions for further reading as well as a unique guide to web sites on international relations, this accessible guide is an invaluable aid to an understanding of this expanding field and is ideal for the student and non-specialist alike.
being the case, they will always choose to intervene in some places rather than others. For example, in Central Africa, the great powers did not see it as part of their responsibility (nor of their interests) to use force to prevent the 1994 Rwandan genocide, nor – later – to separate refugees from the military and political elements in the Zairean and Tanzanian camps, nor – in 1996 – to help humanitarian agencies rescue hundreds of thousands of refugees scattered in the rainforest during the
European voters want a United States of Europe and there are states that still do not want to join. For example, the ﬁrst Danish referendum dealing with entry into the EU failed and the second referendum only just managed to get more than the required number of votes. Also, an increasing number of Germans and French voters are voicing their opposition to further integration. European integration is a child of the cold war. The initial impetus came from the Marshall Plan and the special
impact on the discipline that realists and liberals have enjoyed, and there is little evidence to suggest that realists ever seriously engaged with the radicals at all. Although there has been a sustained debate between realists and liberals, it would be hard to argue that their diﬀerences were ever so serious as to constitute an ‘inter-paradigm’ debate in the Kuhnian sense. Second, despite its heuristic appeal in organising opposing views for pedagogical purposes, the character and boundaries of
very real danger to Western security and that much more needs to be done to deal with the problem than has been achieved thus far. The theft of nuclear material is not a new problem, but it has become acute since the end of the cold war and the collapse of the former Soviet Union. There are at least ﬁve interrelated dimensions to the problem. 1 2 Since 1990, economic conditions in Russia have become extremely harsh. There has been a chronic shortage of basic commodities such as food and
clothing. Essential services such as water, electricity, and heating have been intermittent at best, and millions of workers have gone unpaid for months at a time. It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 individuals working in Russia’s nuclear industry. In such a desperate environment, it is not diﬃcult to understand why some individuals might turn to nuclear smuggling as a way of staying alive. Criminal organisations within Russia have been lured by the opportunity of making large sums