Human Factors in Aviation, Second Edition
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This edited textbook is a fully updated and expanded version of the highly successful first edition of Human Factors in Aviation. Written for the widespread aviation community - students, engineers, scientists, pilots, managers, government personnel, etc., HFA offers a comprehensive overview of the topic, taking readers from the general to the specific, first covering broad issues, then the more specific topics of pilot performance, human factors in aircraft design, and vehicles and systems.
The new editors offer essential breath of experience on aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (i.e. scientific research, regulation, funding agencies, technology, and implementation) as well as knowledge about the science. The contributors are experts in their fields.
Topics carried over from the first edition are fully updated, several by new authors who are now at the fore of the field. New material - which represents 50% of the volume - focuses on the challenges facing aviation specialists today. One of the most significant developments in this decade has been NextGen, the Federal Aviation Administration's plan to modernize national airspace and to address the impact of air traffic growth by increasing airspace capacity and efficiency while simultaneously improving safety, environmental impacts and user access. NextGen issues are covered in full. Other new topics include: High Reliability Organizational Perspective, Situation Awareness & Workload in Aviation, Human Error Analysis, Human-System Risk Management, LOSA, NOSS and Unmanned Aircraft System.
*Comprehensive text with up-to-date synthesis of primary source material that does not need to be supplemented
*New edition thoroughly updated with 50% new material and full coverage of NexGen and other modern issues
*Instructor website with test bank and image collection makes this the only text offering ancillary support
*Liberal use of case examples exposes readers to real-world examples of dangers and solutions
Fp can be treated as algebraic coefficients (which is allowable for Laplace transformed functions but that rationale is not developed here), then Figure 2.10 Standard single loop feedback control system. from which O2 can be determined to be Ideally, one would like O2 to equal G and D to have no influence. It is evident that if FpFc were much greater than one that would be true; the first term in square brackets would go to one and the second term in square brackets would go to zero.
context, which includes the signal probability and consequences of the correct and incorrect responses. Similarly, seemingly effortless direct perception often requires resolving ambiguity by making plausible inferences based on acquired knowledge. For instance, the increasing size of the retinal image of an object could signify an approaching airplane or an enlarging airplane. Because most objects do not expand on the spot, the increasing image size typically can be interpreted correctly as an
to each displayed aircraft. The post protruded from the ground at the aircraft’s current geographical location and the aircraft’s altitude was unambiguously specified by markers on the post. As will become more evident in the ensuing higher-order processing section, input information is not merely transmitted from station to station until an output can be produced. On the way, much information transformation involving a number of internal processes like perceiving, allocating resources,
tasks. In: Kramer AF, Kirlik A, Weigmann D, eds. Applied attention: From theory to practice. New York: Oxford University Press;: 209–224. . Gopher D, Donchin E, (1986). Workload: An examination of the concept. In: Boff KR, Kaufman L, Thomas JP, eds. Handbook of perception and human performance—Volume II: Cognitive processes and performance. New York: Wiley; [pp. 41–1—41–49]. Gopher D, Weil M, Baraket T, (1994). Transfer of skill from a computer game trainer to flight. Human Factors.36:1–9.
Situation understanding entails situation assessment and situation awareness. Situation assessment refers to the processes in which operators engage to make sense of the situation, to understand it. Through situation assessment some limited part of the situation may be represented in consciousness. This conscious product of situation assessment is studied under the rubric situation awareness or SA. Both the assessment process, even though often operating beneath awareness, and the awareness of