Human Development: A Life-Span View
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Balanced coverage of the entire life span is just one thing that distinguishes HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: A LIFE-SPAN VIEW, Seventh Edition. With its comprehensive, succinct, and applied coverage, the book has proven its ability to capture readers' interest while introducing them to the issues, forces, and outcomes that make us who we are. The material is relevant, too: Readers gain the foundations in important theories and research that enable them to become educated interpreters of developmental information. In addition, basic and applied research along with controversial topics and emergent trends demonstrate connections between the laboratory and life.
adult relying on the “over the barrier” reach when it was no longer needed. In other words, with the barrier removed, infants expected to see the Sally puts her ball in her adult reach directly because that was the best way to achieve the goal basket. of getting the ball; they were surprised when the actor relied on the familiar but no longer necessary method of reaching (Brandone & Wellman, 2009). From this early understanding of intentionality, young children’s naïve psychology expands rapidly.
crackers. In the next phase, children know that Anne takes the ball people can have different beliefs: In trying to find a missing shoe, one from the basket and child might believe that the shoe is in the kitchen while another child puts it into the box. believes that it’s in the car. In the third phase, children understand that different experiences can lead to different states of knowledge: A child who has seen a toy hidden in a drawer knows what’s in the nowclosed drawer, but a child who did
psychological features. T A G C T A A T C G A T G C G T G C T Strands of phosphates and sugars A G C G G C G C T Nucleotide bases (A = Adenine, T = Thymine, G = Guanine, C = Cytosine) A G C G C C T A C G C G A T C G © Cengage Learning® CHAPTER 2: BIOLOGIC AL FOUNDATIONS | 41 Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from
Some children inherit genes that are more effective in defending, in utero, against the toxins in cigarette smoke (Price et al., 2010). Alcohol also carries serious risk. Pregnant women who regularly consume alcoholic beverages may give birth to babies with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The most extreme form, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), is most likely in pregnant women who are heavy drinkers—for example, they drink 15 or more cans of beer over a weekend (May et al., 2013). Children
with teratogens has been shown to predict lower scores on the NBAS (e.g., Engel et al., 2009). Researchers also use scores on the NBAS to predict later development (e.g., Stjernqvist, 2009). Newborns seem to be extremely well prepared to begin to interact with their environment. Which of the theories described in Chapter 1 predict such preparedness? Which do not? alert inactivity state in which a baby is calm with eyes open and attentive; the baby seems to be deliberately inspecting the