Horizons of Authenticity in Phenomenology, Existentialism, and Moral Psychology: Essays in Honor of Charles Guignon (Contributions To Phenomenology)
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This volume centers on the exploration of the ways in which the canonical texts and thinkers of the phenomenological and existential tradition can be utilized to address contemporary, concrete philosophical issues. In particular, the included essays address the key facets of the work of Charles Guignon, and as such, honor and extend his thought and approach to philosophy. To this end, the four main sections of the volume deal with the question of authenticity, i.e. what it means to be an authentic person, the ways in which the phenomenological and existential traditions can impact the sciences, how best to understand the fact of human mortality, and, finally, the ways philosophical reflection can help address current questions of value. The volume is designed primarily to serve as a secondary resource for students and specialists interested in rediscovering the practical application of existential and phenomenological thought. The collection of scholarly essays, then, could be used in conjunction with some of the more recent scholarship concerning the practical value of philosophy. Along with contributing to previous scholarship, the essays in this proposed volume attempt to update and expand the scope of phenomenological and existential inquiry.
nature of the human self. In any investigation, we always start with some hermeneutic background, and in order to have access to human being (Dasein), we must already have some understanding of it. The key to Heidegger’s phenomenological method is to avoid imposing substantive philosophical convictions on the objects of inquiry, and instead to let them show up on their own terms. In chapter II of the first division of Being and Time, Heidegger makes it clear that he does not presuppose the
wilderness. In A sense of place, a sense of time, 71–92. New Haven: Yale University. Kant, Immanuel. (1768) 1992. Concerning the ultimate ground of the differentiation of directions in space. In Theoretical Philosophy, 1755–1770, ed. and trans. David Walford in collaboration with Ralf Meerbote, 364–372. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kerrigan, John. 1985. Wordsworth and the sonnet: Building, dwelling, thinking. Essays in Criticism 35: 45–75. Malpas, Jeff. 1999. Place and experience.
being a good psychological scientist as it is to being a good friend. There is a strong parallel to Aristotle’s concept of habituation, through which one forms one’s character through repeatedly acting in a particular way. The aim of habituation is to form a settled character that makes it possible to spontaneously act in a virtuous way, without the kind of conflict between duty and desire that underlies Greene and Paxton’s Will hypothesis. Having taken a resolute stand on honesty or having the
seems sensible to many people in the modern West, but it would not have been reasonable prior to the Enlightenment and the successes of the natural sciences, and it is still not comprehensible to people who have not been socialized to see it as legitimate. Third, the very large expenditure of resources and the deep interest evident in professional and public audiences in contemporary Western societies demonstrate that knowledge about the sources of human behavior is extremely valuable. Knowledge
institutions” (1993, 24–25). For example, the cultural historian Paul Johnson (1978, 115) notes that in the West, Christian institutions took shape according to the “idea of a total Christian society” that “necessarily included the idea of a compulsory society,” reflecting a stress on unity and a 1 Gunton looks with favor on Plato’s seeking to formulate an affirmative “engaged” philosophical outlook and encourages us to do the same today. But he points out there is no doubt that Plato “chose :