Homeric Problems: Edited and Translated by Donald A. Russell and David Konstan (Writings from the Greco-Roman World)
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This is the first English translation of the only extended ancient treatise on Homer that survives today. It provides a detailed allegorical discussion of controversial passages in the Iliad and the Odyssey and is a mine of information on ancient approaches to allegory and to literary criticism.
turannika\j taraxa\j e)c iãsou xeimeri¿% proseika/zei katasth/mati qala/tthj: 5.6 'Asune/thmi tw¤n a)ne/mwn sta/sin: to\ me\n ga\r eÃnqen ku=ma kuli¿ndetai, to\ d' eÃnqen: aÃmmej d' aÄn to\ me/sson na=i forh/meqa su\n melai¿n#, xei¿mwni moxqeu=ntej mega/l% ma/la: pe\r me\n ga\r aÃntloj i)stope/dan eÃxei, laiÍfoj de\ pa=n za/dhlon hÃdh kaiì la/kidej me/galai ka\t' auåto: xo/laisi d' aÃgkurai. 5.7 Ti¿j ou)k aÄn eu)qu\j e)k th=j protrexou/shj periì to\n po/nton ei)kasi¿aj a)ndrw¤n plwizome/nwn
and author of various scholarly works; cited chiefly in Athenaeus, e.g., Deipn. 5.215B, 219C, 222, 234D; 8.340E; 13.586A. 3. Il. 2.329. 4. Heraclitus seems to mean that the Greeks only descended on Troy in the tenth year of the war, when it was destined to fall. But he may mean that not all the Greeks stayed continually at Troy for the whole ten years, but gathered there in force only in the tenth; it was their camp at Troy that they filled with plunder. Both views seem to be attributed to the
as it is cut out. On the other hand, the three-headed Cerberus, whom he brought into the light of day, is probably meant to suggest the three branches of philosophy—logic, physics, and ethics, as they are called—which grow as it were out of a single neck, and divide into three at the head.4 34 I have, as I promised, given only a very brief account of these other labors. But in representing the wounding of Hera5 Homer wants to show us precisely that Heracles was the first to use divine reason in
Cornutus, Theol. ch. 16 = p. 21.15–18 Lang, with Ramelli (2003, 335 n. 90). 3. This seems to refer to Od. 13.295, where our texts of Homer read klopiôn, “thievish,” but an ancient variant plokiôn is known (cf. Eustathius 1741.57). 4. Od. 10.281–282 (Hermes speaking). 5. Od. 10.304. 120 heraclitus: HOMERIC PROBLEMS e)filoso/fhse. 74.2 Kwkuto\j gou=n o( prw¤toj o)noma/zetai potamo\j e)pw¯numon1 a)nqrwpi¿nou pa/qouj kako/n, qrh=noi ga\r e)piì toiÍj teqnew¤sin oi¸ para\ tw¤n zw¯ntwn. 74.3
the Derveni Papyrus. New York: Oxford University Press. Lamberton, Robert. 1986. Homer the Theologian: Neoplatonist Allegorical Reading and the Growth of the Epic Tradition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Lamberton, Robert, and J. J. Keaney, eds. 1992. Homer’s Ancient Readers: The Hermeneutics of Greek Epic’s Earliest Exegetes. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Lausberg, Heinrich. 1998. Handbook of Literary Rhetoric. Edited by D. E. Orton and R. Dean Anderson.