Handbook of Self and Identity, Second Edition
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
New to This Edition
*Incorporates significant theoretical and empirical advances.
*Nine entirely new chapters.
*Coverage of the social and cognitive neuroscience of self-processes; self-regulation and health; self and emotion; and hypoegoic states, such as mindfulness.
Huntsinger, J., Skorinko, J., & Hardin, C. D. (2005). Social tuning of the self: Consequences for the self-evaluations of ste- 139 reotype targets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(2), 160–175. Srivastava, S., & Beer, J. S. (2005). How selfevaluations relate to being liked by others: Integrating sociometer and attachment perspectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(6), 966–977. Suh, E. M. (2007). Downsides of an overly context-sensitive self: Implications
stereotype threat when they are at risk for being viewed through the lens of a negative stereotype about their group (Steele, 2010; Steele, Spencer, & Aronson, 2002). We can all experience stereotype threat in relevant circumstances. When a woman takes an evaluative math test, she may be aware of negative stereotypes that impugn the ability of women in math. As a consequence, she may worry that should she perform poorly, this poor performance could be seen as proof that women are bad at math.
1988). In this view, writing about personal values reminds people of important sources of self-worth, which allows people to cope more effectively with threat (see Sherman & Cohen, 2006). However, past theorizing has not directly examined how the nature of the active self changes as a consequence of affirmation exercises. It could be that writing about personal values heightens a focus on the self, a view implied by the term self-affirmation. Alternatively, perhaps writing about personal values
aversive drive state behind the regulatory processes. Rather, feedback loops are seen as naturally occurring self-regulatory organizations within living systems. They keep sensed values within relatively constrained ranges in the natural course of events, operating fairly automatically. Adopting this view with respect to consciously mediated human behavior raises a number of questions, of course, including (but not limited to) whether this view dispenses with the concept of “will” (Ryan & Deci,
& Han, S. (2007). Self-construal priming modulates neural substrates of self-awareness. Psychological Science, 18, 861–866. Trapnell, P. D., & Campbell, J. D. (1999). Private self-consciousness and the five-factor model of personality: Distinguishing rumination from reflection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 284–304. Turner, R. G. (1978). Self-consciousness and speed of processing self-relevant information. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4, 456–460. 68 I.