Green Planet Blues: Environmental Politics From Stockholm To Rio
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Annotated with introductions and explanations of key environmental concepts, problems and prospects, this is a collection of pieces on the theme of global environmental politics from a diversity of viewpoints. The contributors highlight important political developments as well as environmental challenges within a rapidly changing international system. The paradigms of sustainable development, environmental security and ecological justice are used to explain topics ranging from climate change, population growth, deforestation, the ozone layer, acid rain and toxic dumping, to trans-boundary pollution and the global commons.
as part of a wider package that contained other trade-off issues, including reductions in agricultural subsidies. Since Doha, many developing countries have participated actively in the negotiations, for the most part preferring a narrow approach to the mandate to ensure talks do not result in further regulatory space for environmental provisions that could restrict their exports. Some developing countries are also cautiously exploring potential benefits from liberalization of trade in
necessity”—and it is the role of education to reveal to all the necessity of abandoning the freedom to breed. Only so, can we put an end to this aspect of the tragedy of the commons. Notes 1. G. Hardin, ed., Population, Evolution, and Birth Control (Freeman, San Francisco, 1964), p. 56. 2. S. McVay, Scientific America 216 (No. 8), 13 (1966). 3. J. Fletcher, Situation Ethics (Westminster, Philadelphia, 1966). 4. D. Lack, The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1954). 5.
therefore, with the acceptance that policies that impact markets go beyond the 0813344119_text_conca 11/18/09 12:38 PM Page 87 Environment and Globalization: Five Propositions 87 WTO (e.g., supply chains, regional and bilateral arrangements, etc.) just as policies that impact the environment go beyond UNEP (e.g., national and local initiatives, private sector and civil society initiatives, etc.). Our concern here, therefore, is larger than the future of WTO and UNEP; it is how environmental
mass mobilization in the Narmada Valley. Estimates of the number of people in the movement range from 70 to 80 percent of those to be affected by the project (approximately 150,000 people in over two hundred villages in the three states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat). 0813344119_text_conca 11/18/09 12:38 PM Page 112 112 Smitu Kothari By this time the global alliance had extended itself to other parts of Europe and the rest of the world. Newer strategies had to be planned to
trade-environment debate. In 1991, the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) finally prompted the EMIT Group to meet in order to study the trade and environment linkage and provide input to the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. Leaders at the Rio Summit recognized the substantive links between international trade and environment by agreeing to make policies in the two areas mutually supportive in favor of sustainable development. The 0813344119_text_conca 11/18/09 12:38 PM Page 170 170 Hugo Cameron