Green Logistics: Improving the Environmental Sustainability of Logistics
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Other key topics examined in the book include: carbon auditing of supply chains; reducing the environmental impact of warehousing; improving the energy efficiency of freight transport; making city logistics more environmentally sustainable; reverse logistics for the management of waste; the role of government in promoting sustainable logistics.
general economic growth (European Commission, 2001). Ironically, over the previous decade the link had been broken in Europe, with freight tonne-kms growing at a faster rate than the EU economy as a whole. The policy aim, however, was to decouple these variables in the opposite direction. Evidence of this ‘positive’ form of decoupling had begun to emerge in some countries, such as the UK and Finland, stimulating research into the reasons for it occurring (Tapio, 2005; McKinnon, 2007). If the
the relationship of sustainable supply chain management with corporate financial performance, International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 62 (8), pp 871–88 Whitelegg, J (1995) Freight Transport, Logistics and Sustainable Development, World Wide Fund for Nature, London Wolf, C and Seuring, S (2010) Environmental impacts as buying criteria for third party logistical services, International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 40 (1/2), pp 84–102 World
Isoraite, 2005). Placing an appropriate value on the external costs of freight transport is therefore fundamental to their internalization. The external costs normally included in this calculation relate to the negative effects of air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, accidents and traffic congestion. Freight vehicles’ contribution to the cost of providing, operating and maintaining transport infrastructure is not an externality as such, but has to be calculated to determine its share
duty, vehicle excise duty (VED) and VAT paid by HGV operators and £4.12 billion by LGV operators. In the case of HGVs, 95 per cent of the revenue was from fuel-related taxes and only 5 per cent from VED. For LGVs, the corresponding proportions were 90 and 10 per cent. The full external costs of HGVs were estimated at £8.6 billion, £8.7 billion and £8.9 billion using, respectively low, medium and high values for emission costs (Table 4.3). The heaviest articulated vehicles (with gross weights of
Transport Studies, University of Leeds, Leeds 103 104 THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 105 part Two Strategic perspective 106 THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 107 Green logistics, 05 sustainable development and corporate social responsibility M a j a P i e c y k and Ma r i a B j ö r k lu n d Introduction In recent years, environmental and social considerations have become more prominent in corporate decision making. A well-implemented and strongly enforced Corporate Social