Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes
Helena Bartolo, Paulo Jorge Da Silva Bartolo, Nuno Manuel Fernandes Alves, Artur Jorge Mateus, Henrique Amorim Almeida, Ana Cris
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The rise of manufacturing intelligence is fuelling innovation in processes and products concerning a low environmental impact over the product’s lifecycle. Sustainable intelligent manufacturing is regarded as a manufacturing paradigm for the 21st century, in the move towards the next generation of manufacturing and processing technologies. The manufacturing industry has reached a turning point in its evolution and new business opportunities are emerging. With sustainable development arises the immense challenge of combining innovative ideas regarding design, materials and products with non-polluting processes and technologies, conserving energy and other natural resources. On the other hand, sustainability has become a key concern for government policies, businesses and the general public. Model cities are embracing novel ecosystems, combining environmental, social and economic issues in more inclusive and integrated frameworks.
Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes includes essential research in the field of sustainable intelligent manufacturing and related topics, making a significant contribution to further development of these fields. The volume contains reviewed papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing, conjointly organized by the Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, and the Faculty of Architecture, Technical University of Lisbon, both in Portugal. This event was held at the facilities of the Faculty of Architecture, Lisbon, from June 26 to June 29, 2013. A wide range of topics is covered, such as Eco Design and Innovation, Energy Efficiency, Green and Smart Manufacturing, Green Transportation, Life-Cycle Engineering, Renewable Energy Technologies, Reuse and Recycling Techniques, Smart Design, Smart Materials, Sustainable Business Models and Sustainable Construction.
Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes is intended for engineers, architects, designers, economists and manufacturers who are actively engaged in the advancement of science and technology regarding key sustainability issues, leading to more suitable, efficient and sustainable products, materials and processes.
shown in Figure 2. In this research work, the cycle time of injection moulding process is defined as follows (Fig. 3). Where the filling stage is the needed time to fill the cavity of injection mould, the packing stage is the needed time to packing melt material inside Table 1. 2013). Injection moulding Main costs (%) Secondary costs (%) Plastic material Injection machine Fixed costs Electricity Water Maintenance Injection mould Personnel 50–75 30–15 – – – – 10–5 10–5 – – 60–45 30–38 7–12
According to the website of the Business Association of Minho (AIMinho), it is characterized by industry activities of small enterprises with fewer than 10 people. Some of these industries are disappearing with the crisis and persons are returning to handicraft, agriculture and emigration. Thus, the Fafe City Hall and the Ave Inter-municipal Community ask for design action. This pilot research was conducted in different phases. A first phase took place in Fafe and was the first contact between
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na era virtual. In: O lugar do projeto: no ensino e na pesquisa em arquitetura e urbanismo. Cristiane R. Duarte, Paulo Afonso Rheingantz, Giselle Azevedo, Laís Bronstein [orgs.]. Rio de Janeiro: Contra Capa Livraria. Lawson, Bryan. 2011. Como arquitetos e designers pensam. São Paulo: Oficina de textos. Oliveira, Sidnei. 2010. Geração Y: o nascimento de uma nova versão de líderes. São Paulo: Integrate Editora. Orciuoli, Affonso. 2010. Projeto Assistido por computador: ontem, hoje e amanhã. Revista
(SM). Figure 3. Avieiro boat with fisherman and fisherwoman, hard at work—Photo by Madalena de Mello Viana. Figure 1. The Avieiro Boat and the blockhouse—in Arquitectura Popular em Portugal. 72 Bartolo_Book.indb 72 5/15/2013 7:48:05 AM Figure 6. Povoa de Santa Iria: avieiros boats, beached in a yard, serving housing. Figure 4. The marquee protecting the family—Archive Interpretation Centre Cais da Vala. Figure 7. Alhandra, beached boats avieiros. fishing tackle. These bateiras are