The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate
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The world is changing dramatically and a vigorous public debate is under way about the nature and historical significance of these changes. At the centre of this debate lie conflicting claims about the extent, form and consequences of contemporary globalization. On the one hand there are the globalists, who argue that the world is being fundamentally and irreversibly transformed by globalization. On the other hand there are the sceptics, who believe that the globalists' claims are exaggerated and poorly substantiated. The sceptics contest the very idea of globalization, arguing that the power of national governments, nationalism and geopolitics remain the determining features of our age.
This completely revised and fully updated edition of The Global Transformations Reader brings together the most original contributions from both sides of the argument and from a range of disciplines. Many new chapters have been added, which incorporate the most recent developments in the debate and set these in the context of a global order that is in a constant state of flux.
Organized as an accessible and comprehensive teaching text, the Reader is divided into six sections covering all the key issues in the debate:
* controversy over the meaning, causes and historical significance of 'globalization'
* the transformation of state power and civil society;
* changing patterns of national culture;
* the power of global markets;
* global inequality and its consequences; and
* the nature of the global order and normative aspirations for its future.
The volume includes an extensive introduction by the editors, reviewing, analysing and assessing the globalization debate. Short but highly informative introductions to each section situate and contextualize the individual readings.
This Reader will be of immense value to all those interested in one of the most important debates of our time. It will appeal to students of politics, international relations, economics, sociology, geography, business studies and cultural studies.
The Global Transformations Reader is part of the internationally acclaimed series on globalization, which also includes Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture and Governing Globalization: Power, Authority and Global Governance.
challenge is mounted to the territorial principle of modern social and political organization. That principle pre sumes a direct correspondence between society, economy and polity within an exclu sive and bounded national territory. Globalization disrupts this correspondence in so far as social, economic and political activity can no longer be understood as coter minous with national territorial boundaries. This does not mean that territory and place are becoming irrelevant, but rather that,
imperialism is national revolutionary change in both the metropoles and the periphery. Only a social ist international order, in which socialist states are the essential building blocks, can eradicate global poverty through the determined redistribution of wealth and privil ege (Callinicos et al. 1994). By contrast, those sceptics of a more realist disposition regard such prescriptions as pure idealism, if not fantasy, in a world that has recently witnessed the complete collapse of state
'action at a distance' permeates the social conditions and cognitive worlds of specific places or policy communities (Giddens 1990: ch. 2). As a consequence, developments at the global level - whether economic, social or environmental - can acquire almost instantaneous local consequences, and vice versa. The idea of global politics challenges the traditional distinctions between the domestic and the international, and between the territorial and the non-territorial, as 40 David H e l d a n d
Reproduced by permission of Polity Press, Rutgers University Press and the author. Chapter 40: Ngaire Woods, 'Order, Globalization and Inequality in World Politics', from Andrew Hurrell and Ngaire Woods (eds), Inequality, Globalization and World Politics, 1999. Reprinted by permission of Oxford University Press. Chapter 41 from Globalization and Its Discontent by Joseph E. Stiglitz. Copyright © 2002 by Joseph E. Stiglitz. Used by permission of W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Chapter 42: Fred
states and of military power to the maintenance of world order. The limits to globalization are now readily apparent. Moreover, the post-20m waning of globalization demonstrates just how far the project itself was the spe cific creation of an internationalist American elite during the post-war era. But Western globalization and the globalization of terror have become intimately connected. Whereas the former provides the infrastructures and partial motivation for the latter, terror and the war on