Fact and Fiction (Bertrand Russell Paperback)
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This collection of essays and stories by Bertrand Russell, the influential modern philosopher, is divided into four distinct parts. The first part is devoted to six essays on the books that influenced him in youth, broadly speaking from the age of 15 to the age of 21. For Russell, this was a time when each book was an adventure and enormously important to him when first exploring the world and trying to determine his attitude towards it. The writers whom he selects for discussion are Shelley, Turgenev, Ibsen, Milton, certain historians (especially Gibbon) and the great mathematical writers.
The second part of the book is devoted to essays on politics and education. The third part consists of divertissements, parables, nightmares and dreams, the dreams being recorded exactly as dreamt and in no way decorated or improved. The final section of the book contains 11 essays and addresses on peace and war, which include some of Russell's famous public pronouncements on nuclear warfare and international tension. Rich in wit and humor, Fact and Fiction is a highly characteristic Russell book, demonstrating the great width of his interests and the depth of his convictions.
government. I do not think that it can be successfully practised among totally uncivilized people. I do not think it is workable where there is a population of mixed groups which fundamentally hate each other. I do not think it can be introduced quite suddenly in countries that have no experience of the give and take that goes with freedom in government. If every compromise is viewed as a surrender of principle, it is impossible for rival groups to make a bargain representing a middle point
Hungary. There is every reason to think that Russian imperialism will swallow up the dainty morsels that Western imperialism has been compelled to drop. But it is unlikely that Asia and Africa will realize this danger until it is too late. What gains and losses are to be expected from the spread of nationalism to these new regions? The question has two aspects, one political and one economic. I do not think anybody can deny that the aspiration for freedom from alien domination is a sentiment
is scarcely possible otherwise. All this education can do, all this education should do, very little of it education does do. 145 10 UNIVERSITY EDUCATION 1 Education is a vast and complex subject involving many problems of great diﬃculty. I propose, in what follows, to deal with only one of these problems, namely, the adaptation of university education to modern conditions. Universities are an institution of considerable antiquity. They developed during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries out
fanatic, he had allowed himself to enter into relations with the Soviet Government. ‘And what’, I inquired, ‘brought you two into relation with Aguinaldo?’ ‘Well,’ they told me, ‘the story is rather curious. He invited us both to dinner, and, after dinner, asked us if we would like to listen to some gramophone records. We both said that we would prefer to talk. “Well,” he said, “I think you are making a mistake. I am sure that you would be interested in the particular records that I wish you to
him. But when the time came for the next Saturday dinner we repeated our previous performance, but this time we put the powdered Root into the food as well as into the pepper box. Again he became excited, but more recklessly than before. ‘Bow down before me, slaves,’ he shouted. ‘If you are faithful, I, the Emperor of the World, will reward you as you may deserve. If you are not faithful, you will perish.’ Gradually, his speech became inarticulate. He writhed in strange contortions and, ﬁnally,