Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence (Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation)
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This book examines why some international environmental regimes succeed while others fail. Confronting theory with evidence, and combining qualitative and quantitative analysis, it compares fourteen case studies of international regimes. It considers what effectiveness in a regime would look like, what factors might contribute to effectiveness, and how to measure the variables. It determines that environmental regimes actually do better than the collective model of the book predicts.The effective regimes examined involve the End of Dumping in the North Sea, Sea Dumping of Low-Level Radioactive Waste, Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Pacific, and the Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol on Ozone Layer Depletion. Mixed-performance regimes include Land-Based Pollution Control in the North Sea, the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, Satellite Telecommunication, and Management of High Seas Salmon in the North Pacific. Ineffective regimes are the Mediterranean Action Plan, Oil Pollution from Ships at Sea, International Trade in Endangered Species, the International Whaling Commission, and the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.
politics, we thus examine the interplay between knowledge and politics from the perspective of policy making rather than knowledge making. Moreover, we conceive of intellectual complexity in terms of the amount of descriptive and theoretical uncertainty pertaining to the knowledge base rather than in terms of some objective measure of the inherent intricacy of a problem. We do recognize that the two will not necessarily correlate perfectly, but as our goal is to understand actor behavior and
countries was too early” (Oslo Commission 1988, 7, 18–19). 72 Jon Birger Skjærseth The group of chairs and vice chairs had responsibility for keeping all matters under review intersessionally and for taking initiatives and putting forward proposals to the Commission that could promote their efficient operation. If we look at the officers of the Oslo Commission, we see that if the chair represented a laggard country, the vice chair would normally represent a pusher country and vice versa.
connection, I am enormously grateful to my Norwegian colleagues for their patience. My wife eventually died on August 16, 1998, and the Preface xix book is dedicated to her because she lived it from the time of the 1994 sabbatical in Norway. She never wavered in her conviction that these were important problems and that these particular Norwegian colleagues were exceptionally able. She would share in our satisfaction that the book has finally seen the light of day. Edward L. Miles Seattle
Figure 5.2. Analyses of blood genetic data and of parasites countered those arguing for discrete subpopulations of skipjack. The data showed support for a single population on a regionwide basis. Spawning occurred across the whole of the tropical region, but its incidence was highest at the longitudinal extremes (Kearney 1983). The standing stock estimate was 3 million metric tons (mmt) at the 95 percent confidence level with a range of 2.5 to 3.7 mmt (Kearney 1983). The rate of turnover in the
inclusiveness), and the level of collaboration established. One Question, Two Answers Object Output (regime formation) Outcome (regime implementation) Impact Time Level 1: The international agreement is signed. Level 2: Domestic measures are taken. Measures are in effect, and target groups adjust. Nature responds to changes in human behavior. 7 Figure 1.1 Objects of assessment In this study, we are particularly interested in the relationship between level of collaboration and