Disasters of the Deep: A Comprehensive Survey of Submarine Accidents & Disasters
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This is the fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive account of every peacetime submarine disaster from 1774 to the present day. By examining many of the sinkings in considerable detail, analysing what went wrong and describing attempts made to rescue the crew and vessel, Edwyn Gray traces the development of the submarine.
tragedy have emerged from the facts as officially released by the Pentagon. The submarine’s last known position was 250 miles west of the Azores, yet she was found 400 miles south-west of the islands. This position, if accurate, hardly seems consistent with her intended destination, although there may have been a very good reason for her to steer south of west before settling down to a westerly track. Nevertheless this deviation is significant. For, even if the US Navy was aware of the course
the difficulties facing historians it should be pointed out that details of this near-disaster were not made public until December, 1992 – more than thirty years after the event! One cannot help wondering what other forgotten tragedies still lie entombed in Russia’s secret naval archives. The Golf-class missile submarine mentioned at the beginning of this chronological digression into previously unrecorded Russian disasters, blew up and sank in mid-Pacific on 11 April, 1968, and its loss set in
Britain’s Turbulent erupted in flames while berthed at Devonport and the ensuing conflagration left twenty-four injured. But to end this brief digression on a lighter note, there is the salutary story of HMS Triumph, the final boat of the Royal Navy’s new Trafalgar-class of nuclear hunter-killers, which, like most of the earlier incidents, was also set in a shipbuilder’s yard, in this instance that of Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. The submarine had been laid down in 1986 at a projected cost of
through the ventilator exhausts and the captain, Lieutenant-Commander Aristides del Solar, ordered the main ballast tanks to be blown. Compressed air hissed through the air-lines and the boat rose sufficiently to thrust her bows up above the surface for a few seconds. Then, with her buoyancy destroyed by the inrush of water, she sank back. By an incredible stroke of luck Rucumilla’s death throes had been witnessed by a passing merchant ship and, realizing that something was seriously wrong, her
a tragic era. The experts, however, entertained no such false hopes. In the United States research into practical methods of escapes followed two distinct paths – a portable breathing apparatus similar to the Hall-Rees and Drager escape kits, and a submarine rescue bell. The latter was developed by Lieutenant-Commander Allen McCann from an original design prepared by the British safety-engineer, R.H. Davis, in 1917. The Bell, with two vertical compartments, could be lowered and secured to a