Critical Theories, IR and 'the Anti-Globalisation Movement': The Politics of Global Resistance (RIPE Series in Global Political Economy)
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This book provides a comprehensive and nuanced analysis of the 'anti-globalisation' struggles taking place around the world. It shows the complexity and diversity of these movements and illustrates this with detailed empirical studies of local, national and transnational resistance in the United States, Europe, Asia and Africa. The authors introduce a variety of competing theoretical perspectives from international political economy, social movement theory, globalisation studies, feminism, and postmodernism, explaining how activism has influenced theory and how theory can help activists to modify their tactics.
35). What forms of resistance can arise in such conditions? What organised, political struggles can emerge among atomised individuals, excluded from the normal routines of society, unacknowledged, desperately struggling to buy and sell for daily sustenance, under constant fear of, on the one hand, petty theft and, on the other hand, the police and tax-collectors? Many are reluctant to speak of their life, of their circumstances, they fear being imprisoned at any moment and are terrified of the
make it possible to continue living. (Le Bot 1997: 356) As Marcos himself declared at the opening ceremony of the first Zapatista jungle encounter for Humanity Against Neoliberalism in 1996: Behind our black mask, behind our armed voice, behind our unnameable name, behind what you see of us, behind this we are you. behind this, we are the same simple and ordinary men and women who are repeated in all races, painted in all colours, speak in all languages and live in all places. Behind this, we are
prehistory – a common cause and, along with it, hope: that of humanity’s survival, against neoliberalism. (Marcos 2003) Notes 1 An earlier version of this article was published in Alternatives: Social Transformation and Humane Governance, Vol. 25, No. 3. Copyright © 2000 by Lynne Rienner Publishers. Used with permission of the publisher. Unless otherwise stated, all translations are the author’s own. 2 Carlos Tello Diaz tells the story of the Fuerzas de Liberación Nacional (FLN) and its
inclusive development. Interestingly, in an ironic turn of events, the ‘colonisers’, as representatives of hegemonic regional power, are being equated with the ‘Old World’, while the ‘alternative alliance’ is strengthening its ties with Contesting the FTAA 115 European civil society groups that are part of the critical globalisation movement, and representing itself as the ‘New World’. The most notable example of growing ties with European groups is perhaps the strong European presence at the
categorisation, given his insistence that every social group contains both types of intellectuals. However, he employed the notion of ‘organic intellectuals’ more often than not to identify the organisers of, and advocates for, systemic change. It is in this spirit that we invoke the concept in the title of this chapter and in our characterisation of ATTAC as a critical education movement, discussed in a subsequent section. Envisioning a closing of the gap between the leaders and the led, Gramsci