Collected Works, Volume 29: Marx 1857-61
Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels
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Volume 29 contains the continuation of the Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy (Grundrisse), A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, Part One and the preparatory materials.
Marx/Engels Collected Works (MECW) is the largest collection of translations into English of the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It contains all works published by Marx and Engels in their lifetimes and numerous unpublished manuscripts and letters. The Collected Works, which was translated by Richard Dixon and others, consists of 50 volumes. It was compiled and printed between 1975 and 2005 by Progress Publishers (Moscow) in collaboration with Lawrence and Wishart (London) and International Publishers (New York).
The Collected Works contains material written by Marx between 1835 and his death in 1883, and by Engels between 1838 and his death in 1895. The early volumes include juvenilia, including correspondence between Marx and his father, Marx's poetry, and letters from Engels to his sister. Several volumes collect the pair's articles for the Neue Rheinische Zeitung.
Other volumes in the Collected Works contain well-known works of Marx and Engels, including The Communist Manifesto, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, and Capital, lesser-known works, and previously unpublished or untranslated manuscripts. The Collected Works includes 13 volumes of correspondence by the mature Marx and Engels, covering the period from 1844 through 1895.
Although the Collected Works is the most complete collection of the work by Marx and Engels published to date in English, it is not their complete works. A project to publish the pair's complete works in German is expected to require more than 120 volumes.
in which it was dealt with by bourgeois economists is manifested first and foremost in his considering production and circulation of capital as a dialectical unity. T h e functioning of capital, he stresses, represents a continuous movement, a constant XII Preface transition from one state to another, a variation and change of form. "This change of form and substance is similar to that in an organic body" (see p. 51 of this volume). In considering the circuit of capital, Marx traces the
itself is represented to the exchangers by a special person, in general presupposes A CERTAIN DEGREE of development of exchange and intercourse. The merchant represents all buyers to the seller, and all sellers to the buyer; so he is not one of the extremes, but rather the middle term, of the exchange; hence he appears as mediator.) The formation of a merchant estate, which presupposes the formation of money, even if not developed in all its moments, is likewise presupposed by capital and thus
return into it, and in so far as it circulates, it only does so in order to be consumed in, to be confined to, the production process. a Par excellence.— Ed. Chapter on Capital 69 The three different forms of circulation of capital give rise to the three distinctions between circulating and fixed capital; they posit one part of capital as circulating xaT'èijoxTJv, because it never enters into the production process, but constantly accompanies it; and, thirdly, they yield the distinction
case. T h e hours of work, too, were once again stipulated. Those unwilling to work UPON APPLICATION, were put into prison [ibid., pp. 81-82]. So, the free workers were still subject to forced labour at a stipulated wage. Initially, they have to be forced to work on the terms set by capital. T h e propertyless man is more inclined to 6-785 122 Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy b e c o m e a v a g a b o n d , a r o b b e r a n d a b e g g a r t h a n a w o r k e r . It is only u n
SUPPRESSION O F T H E MONASTERIES AND T H E TRANSITION FROM SLAVERY T O FREE LABOUR. A s a n e x a m p l e of that, the Act of 5 Elizabeth, DIRECTING HOUSEHOLDERS USING HALF A PLOUGH OF LAND IN TILLAGE, T O REQUIRE ANY PERSON THEY MIGHT FIND UNEMPLOYED, T O BECOME THEIR APPRENTICE IN HUSBANDRY, OR IN ANY ART OR MYSTERY; a n d i f U n w i l l i n g , T O BRING h i m BEFORE A JUSTICE, W H O WAS ALMOST COMPELLED T O COMMIT HIM T O WARD UNTIL HE CONSENTED TO BE BOUND. At the time of Elizabeth, of