Charisma and Patronage: Reasoning With Max Weber
Andrew D. McCulloch
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A detailed and richly illustrated analysis of charisma and the political and cultural conditions in which charismatic figures arise, this work of historical sociology critically engages with Max Weber’s ambiguous concept of charisma to examine the charismatic careers of a number of figures, including Joan of Arc, Hitler and Nelson Mandela, as well as that of Jesus, who, the author contends - in contradistinction to Max Weber - was not a charismatic leader, in spite of his portrayal in Christian theology.Shedding light on the process of charismatic transformation as it occurs within intensely solidaristic groups and the importance of patronage in charismatic careers, the book distinguishes between charismatic rule and charismatic leadership. With close attention to the social and political legacy of charisma for modern capitalism, it also examines the emergence of a global class of the super-rich, a process buttressed by a belief on the part of business leaders in their own charismatic powers.A rigorous examination of the under-researched political process of charisma, the understanding of which remains as important in modern society as in history, Charisma and Patronage will appeal to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including sociology, history, politics and social geography.
drugged in some cases, whipped up into terrified paranoid frenzies, publicly humiliated, disciplined and punished physically if they showed less than total commitment to Father Jones, the vast majority of the inhabitants of Jonestown were persuaded by Jones and his acolytes that the only way out for them all was what he called “revolutionary suicide”. They had all pledged their property to him, and the waverers had confessed to imaginary crimes in writing so that Jones could blackmail them if
liberty of “working towards the Führer”. Hitler would sometimes discuss possible moves or changes for months. Speer reports that, he often allowed a problem to mature during the weeks when he seemed entirely taken up with trivial matters. Then, after the ‘sudden insight’ came, he would spend a few days of intensive work giving final shape to the solution. No doubt he also used his dinner and supper guests as sounding boards … Once he had come to a decision, he relapsed again into his idleness.
government has presented itself as a “democratic developmental state” (Barchesi, 2011: 253). Waged work is regarded as paramount and the new state has firmly rejected building a welfare state because welfare promotes dependency. The result has been painful poverty for blacks. Barchesi reports that 65 per cent of South Africa’s waged population live in poverty. Half of these, especially in agriculture, domestic service and construction jobs, earn less than R 1000 per month (about four U.S. dollars
intellectual matters). He finally graduated in December 1942. The Regent was much displeased with his ward for his principled intransigence at university but a year after the temporary expulsion, feeling himself close to death, he informed Mandela that he had arranged marriages both for him and his own son, Justice. Justice and Mandela illicitly sold two of the Regent’s oxen to finance their escape to Johannesburg in April 1941. Mandela does not like to own up to this disreputable and underhand
his marriage to the fiery Winnie, he still took a moderate, careful line towards resistant action and was taken by surprise by the Sharpeville events and subsequent massacre in March 1960. In response, he publicly burned his pass book. The ANC and the PAC were prohibited by the government, and Mandela was detained. In 1961 he, and the other accused, were acquitted of treason. The prohibited ANC convened a National Working Committee (NWC) which decided that Mandela should go “underground”. Mandela