C: The Complete Reference, 4th Ed.
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Another gem from Herb Schildt--best-selling programming author with more than 2.5 million books sold! C: The Complete Reference, Fourth Edition gives you full details on C99, the New ANSI/ISO Standard for C. You'll get in-depth coverage of the C language and function libraries as well as all the newest C features, including restricted pointers, inline functions, variable-length arrays, and complex math. This jam-packed resource includes hundreds of examples and sample applications.
a free-standing block statement */ i = 120; printf(''%d", i); } return 0; } Page 95 TE AM FL Y Chapter 4— Arrays and Strings Team-Fly® Page 96 An array is a collection of variables of the same type that are referred to through a common name. A specific element in an array is accessed by an index. In C, all arrays consist of contiguous memory locations. The lowest address corresponds to the first element and the highest address to the last element. Arrays can have from one to several
if(matrix[i]==matrix[i] && matrix[i]==matrix[i]) return matrix [i]; /* test diagonals */ if(matrix ==matrix  && matrix==matrix) return matrix; if(matrix ==matrix  && matrix ==matrix) return matrix; return ' '; } Page 119 Chapter 5— Pointers Page 120 The correct understanding and use of pointers is crucial to successful C programming. There are several reasons for this: First, pointers provide the means by which
very difficult to find. Because of their importance and their potential for abuse, this chapter examines the subject of pointers in detail. What Are Pointers? A pointer is a variable that holds a memory address. This address is the location of another object (typically another variable) in memory. For example, if one variable contains the address of another variable, the first variable is said to point to the second. Figure 5-1 illustrates this situation. Figure 5-1 One variable points to
standardization process took six years (much longer than anyone reasonably expected). The ANSI C standard was finally adopted in December 1989, with the first copies becoming available in early 1990. The standard was also adopted by ISO (International Standards Organization), and the resulting standard was typically referred to as ANSI/ISO Standard C. In 1995, Amendment 1 to the C standard was adopted, which, among other things, added several new library functions. The 1989 standard for C, along
Pointers Although functions that return pointers are handled just like any other type of function, it is helpful to review some key concepts and look at an example. Pointers are neither integers nor unsigned integers. They are the memory addresses of a certain type of data. One reason for this distinction is that pointer arithmetic is relative to the base type. For example, if an integer pointer is incremented, it will contain a value that is four greater than its previous value (assuming 4-byte